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Tyrosinase is the key enzyme in melanin biosynthesis, catalyzing multiple steps in this pathway. The mature glycoprotein is transported from the Golgi to the melanosome where melanin biosynthesis occurs. In this study, we have investigated the effects of inhibitors of N-glycan processing on the synthesis, transport, and catalytic activity of tyrosinase.(More)
Esophageal secretions from endoparasitic sedentary nematodes are thought to play key roles throughout plant parasitism, in particular during the invasion of the root tissue and the initiation and maintenance of the nematode feeding site (NFS) essential for nematode development. The secretion in planta of esophageal cell-wall-degrading enzymes by migratory(More)
Southern analysis showed that Gr-EXPB1, a functional expansin from the potato cyst nematode Globodera rostochiensis, is member of a multigene family, and EST data suggest expansins to be present in other plant parasitic nematodes as well. Homology modeling predicted that Gr-EXPB1 domain 1 (D1) has a flat beta-barrel structure with surface-exposed aromatic(More)
Tyrosinase is a copper-containing enzyme that regulates melanin biosynthesis in mammals. Mutations at a single N-glycosylation sequon of tyrosinase have been reported to be responsible for oculocutaneous albinism type IA in humans, characterized by inactive tyrosinase and the total absence of pigmentation. To probe the role that each N-glycosylation site(More)
We have generated a database of 639 glycosidic linkage structures by an exhaustive survey of the available crystallographic data for isolated oligosaccharides, glycoproteins, and glycan-binding proteins. For isolated oligosaccharides there is relatively little crystallographic data available. A much larger number of glycoprotein and glycan-binding protein(More)
A method is described for the use of nitrocellulose powder as a solid phase in a chromatographic procedure, for the immunoaffinity isolation of proteins. Two different immunoglobulins (Igs), anti-Datura innoxia lectin and anti-tyrosinase, were coupled to particulate nitrocellulose. A single step was then needed for purification to homogeneity of both D.(More)
Tyrosinase and tyrosinase-related protein-1 (TRP-1) are two melanogenic enzymes that regulate melanin biosynthesis. Both are glycoproteins and belong to the TRP-1 gene family. They share a significant level of sequence similarity in several regions, including the catalytic domain and the potential N-glycosylation sites. We have recently shown that(More)
Chondroitin sulfate (CS)/dermatan sulfate (DS) are often found in nature as hybrid glycosaminoglycan chains in various proteoglycans. In the recent years, several MS methods were developed for the determination of over-, regular-, and undersulfated CS/DS chains. In the present work, the released hybrid CS/DS isolated and purified from mouse brain were(More)