Andrei G. Vlassenko

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Aerobic glycolysis is defined as glucose utilization in excess of that used for oxidative phosphorylation despite sufficient oxygen to completely metabolize glucose to carbon dioxide and water. Aerobic glycolysis is present in the normal human brain at rest and increases locally during increased neuronal activity; yet its many biological functions have(More)
Coupling of cerebral blood flow (CBF) and cerebral metabolic rate for oxygen (CMRO(2)) in physiologically activated brain states remains the subject of debates. Recently it was suggested that CBF is tightly coupled to oxidative metabolism in a nonlinear fashion. As part of this hypothesis, mathematical models of oxygen delivery to the brain have been(More)
Amyloid-β (Aβ) plaque deposition can precede the clinical manifestations of dementia of the Alzheimer type (DAT) by many years and can be associated with changes in brain metabolism. Both the Aβ plaque deposition and the changes in metabolism appear to be concentrated in the brain's default-mode network. In contrast to prior studies of brain metabolism(More)
Amyloid-beta (Aβ) accumulation was evaluated with 2 [(11)C]Pittsburgh compound B (PiB) positron emission tomography scans about 2.5 years apart in 146 cognitively normal adults. Seventeen of 21 participants with initially elevated Aβ deposition demonstrated subsequent Aβ plaque growth (approximately 8.0% per year), and none reverted to a state of no Aβ(More)
Oxygen utilization increase is fractionally much less than that seen in glucose metabolism and blood flow soon after onset of neuronal activation, however its behavior during continued activation is less certain. We evaluated the effects of 25 min of visual stimulation on CBF, CMRO(2), and OEF using [(15)O] water and [(15)O] oxygen PET. Seven healthy(More)
The factors regulating cerebral blood flow (CBF) changes in physiological activation remain the subject of great interest and debate. Recent experimental studies suggest that an increase in cytosolic NADH mediates increased blood flow in the working brain. Lactate injection should elevate NADH levels by increasing the lactate/pyruvate ratio, which is in(More)
It has been known for more than a century that increases in neuronal activity in the brain are reliably accompanied by changes in local blood flow. More recently it has been appreciated that these blood flow increases are accompanied by increases in glycolysis that are much greater than the increases in oxidative phosphorylation. It has been proposed by us(More)
IMPORTANCE Individuals in the presymptomatic stage of Alzheimer disease (AD) are increasingly being targeted for AD secondary prevention trials. How early during the normal life span underlying AD pathologies begin to develop, their patterns of change over time, and their relationship with future cognitive decline remain to be determined. OBJECTIVE To(More)
In 19 patients with major depressive disorder, effective treatment with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or amesergide (AMSG) was associated with increased cerebral perfusion in anterior cingulate cortex (SSRI and AMSG) and in medial prefrontal cortex (AMSG). Both selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and AMSG exert antidepressant action(More)
OBJECTIVE Deposition of amyloid β (Aβ)-containing plaques as evidenced by amyloid imaging and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) Aβ1-42 (Aβ42) is an early indicator of preclinical Alzheimer disease (AD). To better understand their relationship during the earliest preclinical stages, we investigated baseline CSF markers in cognitively normal individuals at different(More)