Andrei Barborica

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Working memory involves transient storage of information and the ability to manipulate that information for short-range planning and prediction. The computational aspect of working memory can be probed using dynamic sensorimotor behavior requiring complex stimulus-response mappings. Such a transformation occurs when extrapolating the future location of a(More)
To investigate the sources of spatial error in memory-guided saccades (MGS), we have trained monkeys on two different tasks: a MGS task and a delayed spatial match-to-sample (MTS) task. We first tested the effect of introducing a post-saccadic visual feedback on the accuracy of MGS. We found that visual feedback had a pronounced effect on the systematic(More)
To investigate the mechanisms of fixation disengagement and saccade initiation, we electrically stimulated the macaque frontal eye fields (FEF) while monkeys performed a visual fixation task. We tested the effect of introducing a temporal gap between fixation target offset and the onset of the electrical stimulus. We found that the duration of the gap had a(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the interaction between internal representations of invisible moving targets and visual responses of neurons in frontal eye fields (FEFs). Monkeys were trained to make saccades to the extrapolated position of a target that was temporarily rendered invisible for variable durations as if it had passed behind an(More)
BACKGROUND Refinement of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) coordinates using intraoperative microelectrode recordings (MER) is routinely performed during deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgeries in Parkinson disease (PD). The commonly used criteria for electrophysiological localization of the STN are qualitative. The goal of this study was to validate(More)
A long-standing issue concerning the executive function of the primate dorsolateral prefrontal cortex is how the activity of prefrontal neurons is linked to behavioral response selection. To establish a functional relationship between prefrontal memory fields and saccade target selection, we trained three macaque monkeys to make saccades to the remembered(More)
The visual responsiveness and spatial tuning of frontal eye field (FEF) neurons were determined using a delayed memory saccade task. Neurons with visual responses were then tested for direction selectivity using moving random dot patterns centered in the visual receptive field. The preferred axis of motion showed a significant tendency to be aligned with(More)
We investigated the internal representation of invisible moving targets using electrical microstimulation in the prefrontal cortex. Monkeys were trained to make saccades to the extrapolated position of a small moving target that was rendered invisible during part of its trajectory. Although the target was invisible, involuntary saccades were evoked by(More)
BACKGROUND The stereoelectroencephalographic (SEEG) implantation procedures still represent a challenge due to the intrinsic complexity of the method and the number of depth electrodes required. OBJECTIVES We aim at designing and evaluating the accuracy of a custom stereotactic fixture based on the StarFix™ technology (FHC Inc., Bowdoin, ME) that(More)
OBJECT Insight may be gained into the physiological mechanisms of deep brain stimulation (DBS) by analyzing local and contralateral subthalamic nucleus (STN) single-unit activity during activation of previously placed DBS electrodes. Special techniques are required to perform such analysis due to the presence of a large stimulus artifact. The purpose of(More)