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To investigate the mechanisms of fixation disengagement and saccade initiation, we electrically stimulated the macaque frontal eye fields (FEF) while monkeys performed a visual fixation task. We tested the effect of introducing a temporal gap between fixation target offset and the onset of the electrical stimulus. We found that the duration of the gap had a(More)
Working memory involves transient storage of information and the ability to manipulate that information for short-range planning and prediction. The computational aspect of working memory can be probed using dynamic sensorimotor behavior requiring complex stimulus-response mappings. Such a transformation occurs when extrapolating the future location of a(More)
An internal model for predictive saccades in frontal cortex was investigated by recording neurons in monkey frontal eye field (FEF) during an inferred motion task. Monkeys were trained to make saccades to the extrapolated position of a small moving target that was rendered temporarily invisible and whose trajectory was altered. On approximately two-thirds(More)
We investigated the internal representation of invisible moving targets using electrical microstimulation in the prefrontal cortex. Monkeys were trained to make saccades to the extrapolated position of a small moving target that was rendered invisible during part of its trajectory. Although the target was invisible, involuntary saccades were evoked by(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the interaction between internal representations of invisible moving targets and visual responses of neurons in frontal eye fields (FEFs). Monkeys were trained to make saccades to the extrapolated position of a target that was temporarily rendered invisible for variable durations as if it had passed behind an(More)
A long-standing issue concerning the executive function of the primate dorsolateral prefrontal cortex is how the activity of prefrontal neurons is linked to behavioral response selection. To establish a functional relationship between prefrontal memory fields and saccade target selection, we trained three macaque monkeys to make saccades to the remembered(More)
The visual responsiveness and spatial tuning of frontal eye field (FEF) neurons were determined using a delayed memory saccade task. Neurons with visual responses were then tested for direction selectivity using moving random dot patterns centered in the visual receptive field. The preferred axis of motion showed a significant tendency to be aligned with(More)
Spatially selective delay activity in the frontal eye field (FEF) is hypothesized to be part of a mechanism for the transformation of visual signals into instructions for voluntary movements. To understand the linkage between FEF activity and eye movement planning, we recorded neuronal responses of FEF neurons while monkeys performed a memory-saccade task.(More)
To investigate the sources of spatial error in memory-guided saccades (MGS), we have trained monkeys on two different tasks: a MGS task and a delayed spatial match-to-sample (MTS) task. We first tested the effect of introducing a post-saccadic visual feedback on the accuracy of MGS. We found that visual feedback had a pronounced effect on the systematic(More)
OBJECT Insight may be gained into the physiological mechanisms of deep brain stimulation (DBS) by analyzing local and contralateral subthalamic nucleus (STN) single-unit activity during activation of previously placed DBS electrodes. Special techniques are required to perform such analysis due to the presence of a large stimulus artifact. The purpose of(More)