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Confinement in TCV electron cyclotron heated discharges was studied as a function of plasma shape, i.e. as a function of elongation, 1.1 < κ < 2.15, and triangularity, −0.65 ≤ δ ≤ 0.55. The electron energy confinement time was found to increase with elongation, owing in part to the increase of plasma current with elongation. The beneficial effect of(More)
Graphene is an attractive material for use in optical detectors because it absorbs light from mid-infrared to ultraviolet wavelengths with nearly equal strength. Graphene is particularly well suited for bolometers-devices that detect temperature-induced changes in electrical conductivity caused by the absorption of light-because its small electron heat(More)
Terahertz radiation has uses in applications ranging from security to medicine. However, sensitive room-temperature detection of terahertz radiation is notoriously difficult. The hot-electron photothermoelectric effect in graphene is a promising detection mechanism; photoexcited carriers rapidly thermalize due to strong electron-electron interactions, but(More)
We systematically investigate the resonant behavior of arrays of Ag nano-structures ranging from isolated simple rods, to U-shapes, to single split ring structures. We show that the lowest order plasmonic resonance associated with a rod red shifts as we create a U and SRR into the position normally associated with a simple LC mode. A second mode red shifts(More)
Electromagnon excitations in multiferroic orthorhombic RMnO3 are shown to result from the Heisenberg coupling between spins despite the fact that the static polarization arises from the much weaker Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya exchange interaction. We present a model incorporating the structural characteristics of this family of manganites that is confirmed by far(More)
We summarize the existing experimental data on electromagnons in multiferroic RMn 2 O 5 compounds, where R denotes a rare earth ion, Y or Bi, and discuss a realistic microscopic model of these materials based on assumption that the microscopic mechanism of magnetically-induced ferroelectricity and electromagnon absorption relies entirely on the isotropic(More)
Subwavelength graphene structures support localized plasmonic resonances in the terahertz and mid-infrared spectral regimes. The strong field confinement at the resonant frequency is predicted to significantly enhance the light-graphene interaction, which could enable nonlinear optics at low intensity in atomically thin, subwavelength devices. To date, the(More)
Based on temperature dependent far infrared transmission spectra of YMn2O5 and TbMn2O5 single crystals, we report the observation of electric dipole-active magnetic excitations, or electromagnons, in these multiferroics. Electromagnons are found to be directly responsible for the steplike anomaly of the static dielectric constant at the(More)
We report a large area terahertz detector utilizing a tunable plasmonic resonance in subwavelength graphene microribbons on SiC(0001) to increase the absorption efficiency. By tailoring the orientation of the graphene ribbons with respect to an array of subwavelength bimetallic electrodes, we achieve a condition in which the plasmonic mode can be(More)
We report here a new type of plasmon resonance that occurs when graphene is connected to a metal. These new plasmon modes offer the potential to incorporate a tunable plasmonic channel into a device with electrical contacts, a critical step toward practical graphene terahertz optoelectronics. Through theory and experiments, we demonstrate, for example,(More)