Andreea Olaru

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Patients with Barrett's esophagus (BE) are at increased risk of developing esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC). Clinical neoplastic progression risk factors, such as age and the length of the esophageal BE segment, have been identified. However, improved molecular biomarkers predicting increased progression risk are needed for improved risk assessment and(More)
The HPP1 gene was cloned as a frequently methylated gene in hyperplastic polyps of the colon. It has been shown that HPP1 expression is silenced by HPP1 gene hypermethylation in sporadic colorectal cancers. To determine the role of HPP1 in ulcerative colitis (UC)-associated carcinogenesis, the prevalence of HPP1 methylation was investigated in three(More)
In order to discover global gene expression patterns characterizing subgroups of colon cancer, microarrays were hybridized to labeled RNAs obtained from seventeen colonic specimens (nine carcinomas and eight normal samples). Using a hierarchical agglomerative method, the samples grouped naturally into two major clusters, in perfect concordance with(More)
Microsatellite instability (MSI) within coding regions causes frameshift mutations (FSMs). This type of mutation may inactivate tumor suppressor genes in cancers with frequent MSI (MSI-H cancers). To identify novel FSMs in gastric carcinogenesis in an unbiased and comprehensive manner, we screened for this type of mutation at 154 coding region repeat loci(More)
The rising incidence and poor prognosis of esophageal adenocarcinoma in the Western world have intensified research efforts into earlier methods of detection of this disease and its relationship to Barrett's esophagus. The progression of Barrett's esophagus to adenocarcinoma has been the focus of particular scrutiny, and a number of potential tissue and(More)
cDNAmicroarrays, combined with bioinformatics analyses, are becomingincreasingly used in current medical research. Existing analytic methods,particularly those that are unsupervised, often have difficulty recognizing subtle differences among predefined subgroups. In contrast, supervised methods, such as Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs), are able to(More)
The HPP1 gene was initially discovered because of its frequent hypermethylation in hyperplastic colon polyps, but it is also hypermethylated in colorectal adenomas and carcinomas. Expression of the DNA mismatch repair gene hMLH1 is diminished or absent in some hyperplastic polyps, and it has been suggested that HPP1 inactivation is associated with the(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS There is a subtle distinction between sporadic colorectal adenomas and cancers (SAC) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)-associated dysplasias and cancers. However, this distinction is clinically important because sporadic adenomas are usually managed by polypectomy alone, whereas IBD-related high-grade dysplasias mandate subtotal(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are at increased risk of developing colorectal cancer (CRC). We sought to determine the frequency of high-level microsatellite instability (MSI-H) and the mutational and methylation profile of MSI-H IBD-related neoplasms (IBDNs). METHODS A total of 124 IBDNs (81 cancers, 43 dysplasias) from(More)
The activin type II receptor (ACVR2) gene is a putative tumor suppressor gene that is frequently mutated in microsatellite-unstable colon cancers (MSI-H colon cancers). ACVR2 is a member of the transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta type II receptor (TGFBR2) family and controls cell growth and differentiation. SMAD proteins are major intracellular effectors(More)