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BACKGROUND The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) depletion syndrome (MDS) is an autosomal recessive disorder of early childhood characterized by decreased mtDNA copy number in affected tissues. Recently, MDS has been linked to mutations in two genes involved in deoxyribonucleotide (dNTP) metabolism: thymidine kinase 2 (TK2) and deoxy-guanosine kinase (dGK).(More)
It is widely appreciated that memory processing engages a wide range of molecular signaling cascades in neurons, but how these cascades are temporally and spatially integrated is not well understood. To explore this important question, we used Aplysia californica as a model system. We simultaneously examined the timing and subcellular location of two(More)
We investigated the existence of antibodies in sera of Alzheimer's disease patients which immunoreact with specific antigens from crude human brain extracts. We found that 49% of patients, per only 5% of control subjects, had increased levels of antibodies to a 240 kDa protein. On the basis of immunological criteria and internal amino acid sequencing, this(More)
Memory formation is highly sensitive to specific patterns of training, but the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying pattern sensitivity are not well understood. We explored this general question by using Aplysia californica as a model system. We examined the regulation of MAPK (ERK1/2) activation by small G proteins in the CNS by using different(More)
Mutations in the thymidine kinase 2 (TK2) gene cause a myopathic form of the mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome (MDS). Here, the authors report the unusual clinical, biochemical, and molecular findings in a 14-year-old patient in whom pathogenic mutations were identified in the TK2 gene. This report extends the phenotypic expression of primary TK2(More)
We recently reported that APOE promoter activity is stimulated by cAMP, this effect being mediated by factor AP-2 [Garcia et al. (1996) J. Neurosci. 16, 7550-7556]. Here, we study whether cAMP-induced phosphorylation modulates the activity of AP-2. Recombinant AP-2 was phosphorylated in vitro by protein kinase A (PKA) at Ser239. Mutation of Ser239 to Ala(More)
In a previous work, we described the existence of anti-brain spectrin auto antibodies in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients (J. Neuroimmunol. 68 (1996) 39-44). In this report, we further support our previous observations, showing that sera from 9 out of 18 AD patients, but none of 14 control subjects, immunoreacted with spectrin synthesized by PC12 cells. In(More)
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