Andreas Wenzel

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Changes in the expression of the NMDA receptor subunits (NRs) NR2A, 2B, and 2C were investigated in histo blots of the developing rat brain with subunit-specific antisera. At birth, the NR2B subunit was detected almost ubiquitously, the NR2A subunit staining was faint and restricted to the hippocampus, cerebral cortex, and striatum, and no NR2C subunit(More)
Human retinal dystrophies and degenerations and light-induced retinal degenerations in animal models are sharing an important feature: visual cell death by apoptosis. Studying apoptosis may thus provide an important handle to understand mechanisms of cell death and to develop potential rescue strategies for blinding retinal diseases. Apoptosis is the(More)
Erythropoietin (Epo) is upregulated by hypoxia and provides protection against apoptosis of erythroid progenitors in bone marrow and brain neurons. Here we show in the adult mouse retina that acute hypoxia dose-dependently stimulates expression of Epo, fibroblast growth factor 2 and vascular endothelial growth factor via hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha(More)
Conventional immunohistochemistry provides little evidence for the synaptic localization of ionotropic neurotransmitter receptors, suggesting that their epitopes are not readily accessible in situ. Here, we have adapted antigen retrieval procedures based on microwave irradiation to enhance the immunohistochemical staining of gamma-aminobutyric acid type A(More)
Excessive light can cause retinal degeneration and may be an environmental cofactor accelerating retinal dystrophies and age-related diseases. In rodent models, the light damage susceptibility (LDS) of the retina is determined genetically. In two mouse strains, with different degrees of LDS, a Leu450Met variation in the pigment epithelial protein RPE65 was(More)
The regional distribution of the NMDA receptor subunits NR2A, 2B, 2C and 2D was visualized in adult rat brain using the histo-blot technique with newly developed subunit-specific antisera. NR2A immunoreactivity was found in almost all regions of the brain, whereas NR2B staining was restricted to forebrain, and NR2D immunoreactivity to diencephalic,(More)
Excessive phototransduction signaling is thought to be involved in light-induced and inherited retinal degeneration. Using knockout mice with defects in rhodopsin shut-off and transducin signaling, we show that two different pathways of photoreceptor-cell apoptosis are induced by light. Bright light induces apoptosis that is independent of transducin and(More)
Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) is the most serious form of the autosomal recessive childhood-onset retinal dystrophies. Mutations in the gene encoding RPE65, a protein vital for regeneration of the visual pigment rhodopsin in the retinal pigment epithelium, account for 10-15% of LCA cases. Whereas previous studies of RPE65 deficiency in both animal models(More)
BACKGROUND Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a novel method of retinal in vivo imaging. In this study, we assessed the potential of OCT to yield histology-analogue sections in mouse models of retinal degeneration. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We achieved to adapt a commercial 3(rd) generation OCT system to obtain and quantify high-resolution(More)
Apoptosis is a regulated mode of single cell death that involves gene expression in many instances and occurs under physiological and pathological conditions in a large variety of systems. We briefly summarize major features of apoptosis in general and describe the occurrence of apoptosis in the retina in different situations that comprise animal models of(More)