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The genomic breakpoints in the t(15;17)(q22;q21), associated with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), are known to occur within three different PML breakpoint cluster regions (bcr) on chromosome 15 and within RARA intron 2 on chromosome 17; however, the precise mechanism by which this translocation arises is unclear. To clarify this mechanism, we (i).(More)
The 8p11 myeloproliferative syndrome (EMS) also known as stem cell leukemia-lymphoma syndrome (SCLL) is associated with translocations that disrupt FGFR1. The resultant fusion proteins are constitutively active tyrosine kinases, and different FGFR1 fusions are associated with subtly different disease phenotypes. We report here a patient with a(More)
We sought to establish a rapid and reliable RT-PCR approach for detection and quantification of BCR-ABL fusion transcripts using the LightCycler technology. This device combines rapid thermocycling with online detection of PCR product formation and is based on the fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) between two adjacent hybridization probes(More)
Constitutive activation of the BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase is fundamental to the pathogenesis of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). STI571 inhibits this activity and modulates the transcription of several genes. It was shown by differential display that the suppressor of cytokine signaling-2 (SOCS-2) gene was down-regulated by STI571 treatment in 14 of 16(More)
The degree of tumor load reduction as measured by cytogenetic response is an important prognostic factor for chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) patients on therapy. We sought to determine whether BCR-ABL transcript levels can predict chromosomal response. Residual disease was evaluated in 120 CML patients in chronic phase (CP) treated with the selective(More)
Despite recent success in the treatment of early-stage disease, blastic phase (BP) of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) that is characterized by rapid expansion of therapy-refractory and differentiation-arrested blasts, remains a therapeutic challenge. The development of resistance upon continuous administration of imatinib mesylate is associated with poor(More)
The degree of tumor load reduction after therapy is an important prognostic factor for patients with CML. Conventional metaphase analysis has been considered to be the 'gold standard' for evaluating patient response to treatment but this technique normally requires bone marrow aspiration and is therefore invasive. The frequency of cytogenetic analyses can(More)
The sensitivity of assays designed to monitor minimal residual disease (MRD) by RT-PCR in leukemia depend on quality and quantity of RNA derived from peripheral blood (PB) and bone marrow (BM) leukocytes. Shipment of material may lead to RNA degradation resulting in a loss of sensitivity and, potentially, false negative results. Furthermore, degradation may(More)
A significant proportion of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients achieve a major cytogenetic remission (MCR) to imatinib therapy after failing interferon (IFN) alpha-based protocols. We sought to determine levels of residual disease in patients with MCR using various molecular methods and to establish a relation between residual BCR-ABL transcript levels(More)
Staphylococcus aureus alpha-toxin is a hydrophilic polypeptide of 293 amino acids that produces heptameric transmembrane pores. During assembly, the formation of a pre-pore precedes membrane permeabilization; the latter is linked to a conformational change in the oligomer. Here, 41 single-cysteine replacement toxin mutants were thiol-specifically labelled(More)