Andreas Weinhaeusel

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Routine screening of calcitonin serum levels in patients with nodular thyroid disorders has led to an increased rate of total thyroidectomies. We investigated prevalence and interrelationship of C-cell hyperplasia (CCH) and medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) in patients with thyroid and parathyroid disorders that showed increased calcitonin serum levels(More)
By means of calcitonin screening programs, sporadic and hereditary medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) can be detected at an early stage. We investigated the histopathologic findings of 16 familial (mean age 32 +/- 21 years, female/male ratio 1.6:1) and 34 sporadic (mean age 58 +/- 15 years; female/male ratio 2.4:1) MTCs with stage T1 comparatively. Patients(More)
Chordomas are rare mesenchymal tumors occurring exclusively in the midline from clivus to sacrum. Early tumor detection is extremely important as these tumors are resistant to chemotherapy and irradiation. Despite continuous research efforts surgical excision remains the main treatment option. Because of the often challenging anatomic location early(More)
BACKGROUND Pseudohypoparathyroidism type Ib (PHPIb) is characterized by parathyroid hormone (PTH) resistance, which can lead to hypocalcemia, hyperphosphatemia, and increased serum PTH. The disorder is caused by mutations in regulatory regions of the GNAS gene (GNAS complex locus) that lead to interferences in the methylation status of alternative GNAS(More)
Available ribonucleic acid (RNA) amplification methods are extensively tested for reproducibility, but only a few studies additionally deal with potential amplification bias. On targeted arrays, we evaluated three amplification protocols, which are less time consuming than the commonly used T7-RNA polymerase based in vitro transcription protocols and(More)
BACKGROUND RET germline mutations predispose to the development of hereditary medullary thyroid carcinoma (hMTC). Several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are described associated with sporadic MTC (sMTC). However, the findings regarding their influence on the clinical course and biological behavior of this disorder are discordant. To clarify the(More)
Several pathways modulating longevity and stress resistance converge on translation by targeting ribosomal proteins or initiation factors, but whether this involves modifications of ribosomal RNA is unclear. Here, we show that reduced levels of the conserved RNA methyltransferase NSUN5 increase the lifespan and stress resistance in yeast, worms and flies.(More)
At the time of diagnosis, more than one quarter of patients with medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) has distant metastases. Only few of these patients can be cured by surgery. Standard chemotherapy is characterized by low response rates and short response time. The establishment of eight human MTC cell lines provides a new basis for in vitro investigation of(More)
Between 1955 and 1963 millions of people were worldwide vaccinated with polio-vaccines that were contaminated with the simian virus 40 (SV40). This tumor-inducing virus has subsequently been detected in several human tumors. In Austria, polio mass vaccination started in winter 1961/62 with a presumably SV40-free British vaccine. Thus, we hypothesized that(More)
Aberrant DNA methylation patterns in malignant cells allow insight into tumor evolution and development and can be used for disease classification. Here, we describe the genome-wide DNA methylation signatures of NPM-ALK-positive (ALK+) and NPM-ALK-negative (ALK-) anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (ALCL). We find that ALK+ and ALK- ALCL share common DNA(More)