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ElaC is a widespread gene found in eubacteria, archaebacteria, and mammals with a highly conserved sequence. Two human ElaC variants were recently associated with cancer (Tavtigian, S. V., Simard, J., Teng, D. H., Abtin, V., Baumgard, M., Beck, A., Camp, N. J., Carillo, A. R., Chen, Y., Dayananth, P., Desrochers, M., Dumont, M., Farnham, J. M., Frank, D.,(More)
The endonuclease tRNase Z from A. thaliana (AthTRZ1) was originally isolated for its tRNA 3' processing activity. Here we show that AthTRZ1 also hydrolyzes the phosphodiester bond in bis(p-nitrophenyl) phosphate (bpNPP) with a kcat of 7.4 s-1 and a KM of 8.5 mM. We analyzed 22 variants of AthTRZ1 with respect to their ability to hydrolyze bpNPP. This(More)
tRNase Z is the endoribonuclease that generates the mature 3'-end of tRNA molecules by removal of the 3'-trailer elements of precursor tRNAs. This enzyme has been characterized from representatives of all three domains of life (Bacteria, Archaea and Eukarya), as well as from mitochondria and chloroplasts. tRNase Z enzymes come in two forms: short versions(More)
Glyoxalase II belongs to the metallo-beta-lactamase superfamily of proteins, possessing the characteristic dinuclear active site. Within this protein family, glyoxalase II from Arabidopsis thaliana is the first member to be isolated with significant amounts of iron, manganese, and zinc when being recombinantly produced in Escherichia coli. Enzyme(More)
Escherichia coli ZiPD is the best characterized protein encoded by the elaC gene family and is a model for the 3'-pre-tRNA processing endoribonucleases (tRNase Z). A metal ligand-based sequence alignment of ZiPD with metallo-beta-lactamase domain proteins of known crystallographic structure identifies a ZiPD-specific sequence insertion of approximately 50(More)
The elaC gene product from Escherichia coli, ZiPD, is a 3' tRNA-processing endonuclease belonging to the tRNase Z family of enzymes that have been identified in a wide variety of organisms. In contrast to the elaC homologue from Bacillus subtilis, E. coli elaC is not essential for viability, and although both enzymes process only precursor tRNA (pre-tRNA)(More)
Lattice vibration modes are collective excitations in periodic arrays of atoms or molecules. These modes determine novel transport properties in solid crystals. Analogously, in periodical arrangements of magnetic vortex-state disks, collective vortex motions have been predicted. Here, we experimentally observe wave modes of collective vortex gyration in(More)
We experimentally study the magnetization dynamics of pairs of micron-sized permalloy squares coupled via their stray fields. The trajectories of the vortex cores in the Landau-domain patterns of the squares are mapped in real space using time-resolved scanning transmission x-ray microscopy. After excitation of one of the vortex cores with a short(More)
tRNA 3' processing is one of the essential steps during tRNA maturation. The tRNA 3'-processing endonuclease tRNase Z was only recently isolated, and its functional domains have not been identified so far. We performed an extensive mutational study to identify amino acids and regions involved in dimerization, tRNA binding, and catalytic activity. 29(More)
A wide variety of coupled harmonic oscillators exist in nature. Coupling between different oscillators allows for the possibility of mutual energy transfer between them and the information-signal propagation. Low-energy input signals and their transport with negligible energy loss are the key technological factors in the design of information-signal(More)