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INTRODUCTION Advanced hemodynamic monitoring using transpulmonary thermodilution (TPTD) is established for measurement of cardiac index (CI), global end-diastolic volume index (GEDVI) and extra-vascular lung water index (EVLWI). TPTD requires indicator injection via a central venous catheter (usually placed via the jugular or subclavian vein). However,(More)
INTRODUCTION Circulatory dysfunction in cirrhotic patients may cause a specific kind of functional renal failure termed hepato-renal syndrome (HRS). It contributes to the high incidence of renal failure in cirrhotic intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Fluid therapy may aggravate renal failure by increasing ascites and intra-abdominal pressure (IAP). This(More)
OBJECTIVE Volume depletion and/or increased hematocrit are associated with poor prognosis in necrotizing pancreatitis. Several studies suggest that intrathoracic blood volume index (ITBI) might be superior to central venous pressure (CVP) with regard to preload assessment. Therefore, the aim of our study was to evaluate the predictive value of CVP and(More)
Polyfunctional CD4 or CD8 T cells are proposed to represent a correlate of immune control for persistent viruses as well as for vaccine mediated protection against infection. A well-suited methodology to study complex functional phenotypes of antiviral T cells is the combined staining of intracellular cytokines and phenotypic marker expression using(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Acute liver failure (ALF) is a severe form of acute liver injury that can progress to multiple organ failure. We investigated causes and outcomes of ALF. METHODS Eleven university medical centers in Germany were asked to report patients with (primary) severe acute liver injury (sALI) (international normalized ratio [INR] >1.5 but no(More)
BACKGROUND Infection of pancreatic necrosis is a life-threatening complication during the course of acute pancreatitis. In critically ill patients, surgical or extended endoscopic interventions are associated with high morbidity and mortality. Minimally invasive procedures on the other hand are often insufficient in patients suffering from large necrotic(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to evaluate continuous vancomycin infusion (contV) in intensive care unit patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS A retrospective study in 164 patients treated with contV was conducted. They were compared with 75 patients treated with intermittent vancomycin infusion. RESULTS The median duration of vancomycin therapy in the(More)
BACKGROUND Increases in Gram-positive infections and infections with Enterobacteriaceae with antimicrobial resistance have been reported in patients with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP). This study was performed to investigate the rate of treatment failures of recommended empirical therapies and the impact on mortality. PATIENTS AND METHODS A(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes is frequently diagnosed in patients with cirrhosis and represents an important risk factor for morbidity and mortality. Pharmacological therapy is limited due to hepatotoxicity and the risk of hypoglycemia. Investigations on medical practice in this patient population, frequency of diabetes-associated complications and the impact of(More)