Andreas Umgelter

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To assess the effect of reducing intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) by paracentesis on renal resistive index (RI), hemodynamics and renal function. Uncontrolled trial in a university gastroenterological intensive care unit. Twelve spontaneously breathing cirrhotic patients with hepatorenal syndrome, tense ascites and a clinical indication for paracentesis.(More)
INTRODUCTION Circulatory dysfunction in cirrhotic patients may cause a specific kind of functional renal failure termed hepato-renal syndrome (HRS). It contributes to the high incidence of renal failure in cirrhotic intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Fluid therapy may aggravate renal failure by increasing ascites and intra-abdominal pressure (IAP). This(More)
OBJECTIVE Volume depletion and/or increased hematocrit are associated with poor prognosis in necrotizing pancreatitis. Several studies suggest that intrathoracic blood volume index (ITBI) might be superior to central venous pressure (CVP) with regard to preload assessment. Therefore, the aim of our study was to evaluate the predictive value of CVP and(More)
INTRODUCTION Advanced hemodynamic monitoring using transpulmonary thermodilution (TPTD) is established for measurement of cardiac index (CI), global end-diastolic volume index (GEDVI) and extra-vascular lung water index (EVLWI). TPTD requires indicator injection via a central venous catheter (usually placed via the jugular or subclavian vein). However,(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the type and incidence of complications during insertion, maintenance, and withdrawal of central arterial catheters used for transpulmonary thermodilution haemodynamic monitoring (PiCCO™). METHODS We conducted a prospective, observational, multicentre study in 14 European intensive care units (six(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Acute liver failure (ALF) is a severe form of acute liver injury that can progress to multiple organ failure. We investigated causes and outcomes of ALF. METHODS Eleven university medical centers in Germany were asked to report patients with (primary) severe acute liver injury (sALI) (international normalized ratio [INR] >1.5 but no(More)
Due to the lack of donor organs for orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) in Germany, a larger proportion of patients advance to multi-organ failure (MOF) before OLT. Twenty-three patients on the waiting list for OLT were admitted to our intensive care unit (ICU) from January 2007 until September 2009. They consisted of 16 men and 7 women of median(More)
BACKGROUND Increases in Gram-positive infections and infections with Enterobacteriaceae with antimicrobial resistance have been reported in patients with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP). This study was performed to investigate the rate of treatment failures of recommended empirical therapies and the impact on mortality. PATIENTS AND METHODS A(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES To investigate whether haemodialysis prevents contrast-induced nephropathy (definition: increase of serum-creatinine of >or= 0.5 mg/dL within 7 days). MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty-one patients (mean serum-creatinine 4.01 +/- 1.83 mg/dL) were dialyzed for 4.36 +/- 1.0 hours within one hour after 278.4 +/- 160.5 mL of contrast(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to compare mean liver T1ρ values in patients with liver cirrhosis and healthy control subjects in order to evaluate T1ρ as a potential MR biomarker for liver cirrhosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS Ten healthy control subjects (mean age 42.7 years; 6 female, 4 male) and 21 patients with clinically diagnosed liver(More)