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The performances of 89 patients with dementia of the Alzheimer type (DAT) and 53 demographically matched elderly normal control subjects were compared on four verbal fluency measures (category, letter, first names, and supermarket fluency). Receiver operating characteristic curves were plotted to determine each fluency tasks' sensitivity (ie, true-positive(More)
Though mild cognitive impairment is an intermediate clinical state between healthy aging and Alzheimer's disease (AD), there are very few whole-brain voxel-wise diffusion MRI studies directly comparing changes in healthy control, mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and AD subjects. Here we report whole-brain findings from a comprehensive study of diffusion(More)
BACKGROUND Functional imaging studies report that higher education is associated with more severe pathology in patients with Alzheimer's disease, controlling for disease severity. Therefore, schooling seems to provide brain reserve against neurodegeneration. OBJECTIVE To provide further evidence for brain reserve in a large sample, using a sensitive(More)
The diagnosis of early stage dementia is a highly complex process involving not only a somatic examination but also a neuropsychological assessment of the patient's cognitive capability. The American 'Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease' (CERAD) has proposed a set of tests in English which has been translated into German. This paper(More)
In a previous study we reported on a late onset dementia which occurred in only half of the patients with argyrophilic grain disease (AgD) investigated. To find a correlation between the distribution of argyrophilic grains (ArG) and the occurrence of a late onset dementia, we examined the limbic area in 35 subjects who had ArG as the main neuropathological(More)
Although a great number of psychometric tests and rating scales for the assessment of psychogeriatric patients is available, there is still an urgent need, in research and practice, for a clinical rating instrument that meets the following main requirements: (1) applicable to institutionalized and community patients and covering a wide range of behavioral(More)
INTRODUCTION We determined the diagnostic accuracy of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) for dementia of the Alzheimer type (DAT) in an outpatient geriatric referral center in Switzerland. MATERIAL & METHODS DAT patients and elderly controls were assigned to two groups: a validation sample (70 DAT patients; 50 controls) and a cross-validation sample(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the memory performances of nondemented older adults with and without the epsilon 4 allele of the apolipoprotein E (APOE-epsilon 4). BACKGROUND Few studies have examined the cognitive status of subjects at high risk for the development of dementia of the Alzheimer type (DAT). A newly reported risk factor for DAT allows for an(More)
OBJECTIVE Neuronal damage is the morphological substrate of persisting neurological disability. Neurofilaments (Nf) are cytoskeletal proteins of neurons and their release into cerebrospinal fluid has shown encouraging results as a biomarker for neurodegeneration. This study aimed to validate the quantification of the Nf light chain (NfL) in blood samples,(More)
OBJECTIVES Postoperative delirium after cardiac surgery is associated with increased morbidity and mortality as well as prolonged stay in both the intensive care unit and the hospital. The authors sought to identify modifiable risk factors associated with the development of postoperative delirium in elderly patients after elective cardiac surgery in order(More)