Andreas Tschumi

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Mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells are abundant in humans and recognize conserved bacterial antigens derived from riboflavin precursors, presented by the non-polymorphic MHC class I-like molecule MR1. Here we show that human MAIT cells are remarkably oligoclonal in both the blood and liver, display high inter-individual homology and exhibit a(More)
Lipoproteins are a functionally diverse class of secreted bacterial proteins characterized by an N-terminal lipid moiety. The lipid moiety serves to anchor these proteins to the cell surface. Lipoproteins are synthesized as pre-prolipoproteins and mature by post-translational modifications. The post-translational modifications are directed by the lipobox(More)
Lipoproteins of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria carry a thioether-bound diacylglycerol but differ by a fatty acid amide bound to the alpha-amino group of the universally conserved cysteine. In Escherichia coli the N-terminal acylation is catalyzed by the N-acyltransferase Lnt. Using E. coli Lnt as a query in a BLASTp search, we identified putative(More)
Following translocation, bacterial lipoproteins are lipidated by lipoprotein diacylglycerol transferase (Lgt) and cleaved of their signal peptides by lipoprotein signal peptidase (Lsp). In Gram-negative bacteria and mycobacteria, lipoproteins are further lipidated by lipoprotein N-acyl transferase (Lnt), to give triacylated lipoproteins. Streptomyces are(More)
Preprolipopoprotein diacylglyceryl transferase (Lgt) is the gating enzyme of lipoprotein biosynthesis, and it attaches a lipid structure to the N-terminal part of preprolipoproteins. Using Lgt from Escherichia coli in a BLASTp search, we identified the corresponding Lgt homologue in Mycobacterium tuberculosis and two homologous (MSMEG_3222 and MSMEG_5408)(More)
Lipoproteins are well known virulence factors of bacterial pathogens in general and of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), the causative agent of tuberculosis, in particular. Lipoprotein lipidation between Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria differs significantly as these are di- and triacylated, respectively. Little is known about the lipid anchor of(More)
Lipoproteins are virulence factors of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Bacterial lipoproteins are modified by the consecutive action of preprolipoprotein diacylglyceryl transferase (Lgt), prolipoprotein signal peptidase (LspA) and apolipoprotein N- acyltransferase (Lnt) leading to the formation of mature triacylated lipoproteins. Lnt homologues are found in(More)
Lyme disease in children is studied in the light of questionnaires sent out twice to departments and divisions of pediatrics in Switzerland. Thirty-six serologically proven cases were collected. The 48 clinical signs attributed to Lyme disease involved the skin in 40%, the nervous system in 40%, and the joints in 20%. They were erythema chronicum migrans(More)
Blood glucose (BG) concentrations were measured in cordblood and in capillary blood 15 and 60 min after birth in 672 consecutive full term newborns with adequate birth weight and without major perinatal complications. The glucose oxydase method was used. The results (mean +/- 1 SD) were in umbilical vein 67.6 +/- 20.1 mg%, in umbilical artery 60.3 +/- 20.0(More)