Andreas Tschech

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Growth yields were determined with Acetobacterium woodii strain NZva 16 on hydrogen and CO2, formate, methanol, vanillate, ferulate and fructose in mineral medium in the absence and presence of 0.05% yeast extract. Yeast extract was not essential for growth but enhanced growth yields by 25–100% depending on the substrate fermented. Comparison of yields on(More)
From various oxic or anoxic habitats several strains of bacteria were isolated which in the absence of molecular oxygen oxidized phenol to CO2 with nitrate as the terminal electron acceptor. All strains grew in defined mineral salts medium; two of them were further characterized. The bacteria were facultatively anaerobic Gramnegative rods; metabolism was(More)
Pseudomonas sp. strain T and Pseudomonas sp. strain K172 grow with toluene under denitrifying conditions. We demonstrated that anaerobic degradation of toluene was initiated by direct oxidation of the methyl group. Benzaldehyde and benzoate accumulated sequentially after toluene was added when cell suspensions were incubated at 5 degrees C. Strain T also(More)
The enzymes involved in the anaerobic degration of cyclohexanol were searched for in a denitrifying Pseudomonas species which metabolizes this alicyclic compound to CO2 anaerobically. All postulated enzyme activities were demonstrated in vitro with sufficient specific activities. Cyclohexanol dehydrogenase catalyzes the oxidation of the substrate to(More)
Extracts of denitrifying bacteria grown anaerobically with phenol and nitrate catalyzed an isotope exchange between 14CO2 and the carboxyl group of 4-hydroxybenzoate. This exchange reaction is ascribed to a novel enzyme, phenol carboxylase, initiating the anaerobic degradation of phenol by para-carboxylation to 4-hydroxybenzoate. Some properties of this(More)
Three strains of denitrifying bacteria were anaerobically enriched and isolated from oxic or anoxic habitats with cyclohexanol or cyclohexanone as sole electron donor and carbon source and with nitrate as electron acceptor. The bacteria were facultatively anaerobic, Gramnegative and metabolism was strictly oxidative with molecular oxygen, nitrate, or(More)
Anaerobic degradation of (4-hydroxy)phenylacetate in denitrifying Pseudomonas sp. was investigated. Evidence is presented for α-oxidation of the coenzyme A (CoA)-activated carboxymethyl side chain, a reaction which has not been described. The C6−C2 compounds are degraded to benzoyl-CoA and furtheron to CO2 via the following intermediates: Phenylacetyl-CoA,(More)
The initial reactions in anaerobic degradation of phenol to CO2 have been studied in vitro with a denitrifying Pseudomonas strain grown with phenol and nitrate in the absence of molecular oxygen. Phenol has been proposed to be carboxylated to 4-hydroxybenzoate [(1987) Arch. Microbiol. 148, 213-217]. 4-Hydroxybenzoate was activated to 4-hydroxybenzoyl-CoA by(More)
We have previously described the isolation of the new bacterial species, Ralstonia/Burkholderia sp. strain DSM 6920, which grows with 6-methylnicotinate and regioselectively hydroxylates this substrate in the C2 position by the action of 6-methylnicotinate-2-oxidoreductase to yield 2-hydroxy-6-methylnicotinate (Tinschert et al. 1997). In the present study(More)
The initial reactions in anaerobic metablism of methylphenols (cresols) and dimethylphenols were studied with denitrifying bacteria. A newly isolated strain, possibly a Paracoccus sp., was able to grow on o-or p-cresol as sole organic substrate with a generation time of 11 h; o-or p-cresol was completely oxidized to CO2 with nitrate being reduced to N2. A(More)