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This article may be used for research, teaching and private study purposes. Any substantial or systematic reproduction, redistribution , reselling , loan or sub-licensing, systematic supply or distribution in any form to anyone is expressly forbidden. The publisher does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents… (More)
Using direct simulations, weakly nonlinear theory and nonlinear mean-field theory, it is shown that the quenched velocity field of a saturated nonlinear dynamo can itself act as a kinematic dynamo. The flow is driven by a forcing function that would produce a Roberts flow in the absence of a magnetic field. This result confirms an analogous finding by F.… (More)
In the Earth's fluid outer core, a dynamo process converts thermal and gravitational energy into magnetic energy. The power needed to sustain the geomagnetic field is set by the ohmic losses (dissipation due to electrical resistance). Recent estimates of ohmic losses cover a wide range, from 0.1 to 3.5 TW, or roughly 0.3-10% of the Earth's surface heat… (More)
Numerical simulation of rotating convection in plane layers with free slip boundaries show that the convective flows can be classified according to a quantity constructed from the Reynolds, Prandtl, and Ekman numbers. Three different flow regimes appear: laminar flow close to the onset of convection, turbulent flow in which the heat flow approaches the heat… (More)
BACKGROUND The pressure drop-flow relations in myocardial bridges and the assessment of vascular heart disease via fractional flow reserve (FFR) have motivated many researchers the last decades. The aim of this study is to simulate several clinical conditions present in myocardial bridges to determine the flow reserve and consequently the clinical relevance… (More)
It is found that for Taylor numbers of the order 10(8) quadrupolar dynamos aligned with the axis of rotation are preferred in comparison with dipolar dynamos. This preference holds for a range of Prandtl numbers P and magnetic Prandtl numbers P(m) in the neighborhood of unity. The main time-dependent feature of the quadrupolar dynamos are polward traveling… (More)
Direct numerical simulations of Rayleigh-Bénard convection in a plane layer with periodic boundary conditions at Rayleigh numbers up to 10(7) show that flow structures can be objectively classified as large or small scale structures because of a gap in spatial spectra. The typical size of the large scale structures does not always vary monotonically as a… (More)
Numerical simulations of dynamos in rotating Rayleigh-Bénard convection in plane layers are presented. Two different types of dynamos exist which obey different scaling laws for the amplitude of the magnetic field. The transition between the two occurs within a hydrodynamically uniform regime which can be classified as rapidly rotating convection.
A coherent structure is revealed experimentally by a dyeing technique in the boundary layer of Rayleigh-Bénard convection in water. Dye accumulates in streaks aligned with the mean flow. Possible mechanisms for the formation of these streaks are discussed.
Hydrodynamic and magnetohydrodynamic numerical studies of a mechanically forced two-vortex flow inside a sphere are reported. The simulations are performed in the intermediate regime between the laminar flow and developed turbulence, where a hydrodynamic instability is found to generate internal waves with a characteristic m=2 zonal wave number. It is shown… (More)