Andreas Straube

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1. We studied the effect of temporarily inhibiting neurons in the caudal fastigial nucleus in two rhesus macaques trained to make saccades to jumping targets. We placed injections of the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) agonist muscimol unilaterally or bilaterally at sites in the caudal fastigial nucleus where we had recorded saccade-related neurons a few(More)
We adapted the saccadic gain (saccadic amplitude/target step amplitude) by requiring monkeys to track a small spot that stepped to one side by 5, 10, or 15 degrees and then, during the initial targeting saccade, jumped either forward or backward by a fixed percentage of the initial step. Saccadic gain increased or decreased, respectively, as a function of(More)
1. The effects of lesions in both human and nonhuman primates have implicated the cerebellum in the control of rapid eye movements, i.e., saccades. To examine the neural substrate of this control, we recorded the discharge patterns of cerebellar output cells in the fastigial nucleus while monkeys tracked a small, jumping spot of light. 2. In the caudal(More)
Visual stabilization of posture is critically dependent on stimulus characteristics as well as on the performance of the visual system. The purpose of the present investigation was to obtain quantitative data in man by means of posturography of fore-aft and lateral body sway in relation to different visual stimulus characteristics. Visual acuity, when(More)
To investigate neglect, extinction, and body-perception in patients suffering from complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). So-called 'neglect-like' symptoms have been reported in CRPS, however no studies have yet analyzed this phenomenon which might substantiate the theory of the central nervous system involvement in the pathophysiology of CRPS. A total of(More)
1. We recorded single-unit activity from neurons of an output of the cerebellum, the fastigial nucleus, in two rhesus macaques while the monkeys tracked small moving targets with their eyes. Many neurons in the caudal part of the fastigial nucleus exhibited a modulation in their discharge rates when smooth-pursuit eye movements were elicited by either(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the incidence and characteristics of seizure-associated headaches and the modalities of treatment. BACKGROUND Systematic investigations of the characteristics of seizure-associated headaches are rare. Although data in the literature on the incidence of postictal headaches range between 37% and 51%, experiences with their treatment(More)
When visual information is provided in addition to input from other sensory systems, normal body sway can be attenuated by about 50%. The essential visual cue is retinal target displacement, which increases as eye-target distance is reduced. As a result, both lateral and anterior/posterior (A-P) sway decrease as eye/target distance decreases. We have(More)
Saccade-related burst neurons were recorded in the caudal part of the fastigial nucleus (fastigial oculomotor region) during spontaneous eye movements and fast phases of optokinetic and vestibular nystagmus in light and darkness from three macaque monkeys. All neurons (n=47) were spontaneously active and exhibited a burst of activity with each saccade and(More)
Three experiments were performed to determine how an error signal for driving saccadic adaptation is derived from visual information processing. The first experiment demonstrated that an intrasaccadic displacement of a visual background does not influence saccadic adaptation when a small foveal target is used. The second experiment showed that when a(More)