Andreas Straub

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BACKGROUND Recent work has suggested that the formation of platelet-neutrophil complexes (PNCs) aggravates the severity of inflammatory tissue injury. Given the importance of vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP) for platelet function, we pursued the role of VASP on the formation of PNCs and its impact on the extent of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion(More)
Extracorporeal circulation (ECC) is an essential tool for the execution of cardiac operations. However, ECC is also associated with undesirable side effects. These include the induction of a systemic inflammatory response associated with leukocyte activation and cytokine release as well as potentially life-threatening complications. The volatile anesthetic(More)
Cooling of the patient is routinely applied in cardiac surgery to protect organs against ischemia. Hypothermia induces activation of platelets, but the effects of temperatures such as used during cardiac surgery are not well described. To investigate this in an in-vitro study heparinized whole blood was incubated at different temperatures (37 degrees C,(More)
The blockade of the platelet integrin glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa has proved to be an effective antiplatelet therapy. Profound thrombocytopenia has repeatedly been described as an adverse effect in patients treated with GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors, but its mechanism has not been elucidated yet. With use of flow cytometry, the activation status of platelets was(More)
OBJECTIVE Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) induces a systemic inflammatory response and increases expression of the platelet activation marker P-selectin which mediates binding of platelets to leukocytes. Inhibition of the platelet GP IIb/IIIa receptor during CPB has been shown to protect platelets without increasing bleeding complications and is assumed to(More)
OBJECTIVE The p53 status is increasingly regarded as a marker predictive of response to particular cancer therapies, but for this approach it is self-evident that the p53 status must be determined correctly. METHODS We have tested ovarian cancers with single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis (SSCP), immunohistochemical staining with DO-1 anti-p53(More)
BACKGROUND Extracorporeal circulation (ECC) and hypothermia are routinely used in cardiac surgery to maintain stable circulatory parameters and to increase the ischaemic tolerance of the patient. However, ECC and hypothermia cause platelet activation and dysfunction possibly followed by a devastating coagulopathy. Stimulation of the adenosinediphosphate(More)
OBJECTIVES Extracorporeal circulation (ECC) induces platelet activation and inflammation with potentially life-threatening organ dysfunction. Short-acting GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors like tirofiban and eptifibatide protect platelets during ECC without increasing bleeding complications and may reduce inflammation. This study investigates anti-thrombotic and(More)
BACKGROUND Improvement of thrombolysis may be achieved by concomitant strong platelet inhibition. To monitor platelet function in patients with myocardial infarction (n=46) who were treated with the fibrinolytic agent reteplase, the glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa blocker abciximab, and the ADP receptor antagonist ticlopidine, we developed a flow cytometric(More)
Animal models are essential tools for the in vivo evaluation of pharmacological modulation of platelet function and the mechanisms underlying thrombosis. In particular, pigs are being increasingly used in cardiovascular and platelet research. One standard method for the investigation of platelet function under experimental conditions is flow cytometry.(More)