Andreas Stierle

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Taxomyces andreanae, a fungal endophyte, was isolated from the phloem (inner bark) of the Pacific yew, Taxus brevifolia. The fungus is hyphomyceteous and, when grown in a semi-synthetic liquid medium, produced taxol and related compounds. Taxol was identified by mass spectrometry, chromatography, and reactivity with monoclonal antibodies specific for taxol.(More)
Several diketopiperazines have been isolated from liquid cultures of Alternaria alternata, the causal agent of black leaf blight of spotted knapweed, Centaurea maculosa Lam. One of these compounds, maculosin [the diketopiperazine cyclo(-L-Pro-L-Tyr-)], was active in the nicked-leaf bioassay at 10(-5) M; synthetic maculosin possessed chemical and biological(More)
Extracts of the spongeTedania ignis have been reported to contain several diketopiperazines. As part of an investigation of the commensal and symbiotic microflora of sponges, we have consistently isolated, from specimens ofT. ignis, aMicrococcus sp. which produces diketopiperazines in laboratory cultural media. This is the first demonstration that a(More)
Endophytic microbes associated with the Pacific yew tree, Taxus brevifolia, were examined as potential sources of the anticancer drug taxol [1], a secondary metabolite of the host organism. The first promising organism found was the novel fungus, Taxomyces andreanae, which was isolated from the inner bark of a yew tree growing in northwestern Montana. It(More)
Epinephrine can in certain in vitro conditions induce the aggregation of human platelets and could play an important role in vivo in the appearance of thrombotic disorders when catecholamine levels are increased. This study examines some functional and biochemical responses to epinephrine. Epinephrine induces the aggregation and serotonin secretion of human(More)
We describe a new variant of Glanzmann's thrombasthenia (variant Strasbourg I). The patient (M.S.) showed an absence of platelet aggregation to ADP, thrombin, and collagen, and a decreased clot retraction. Platelet fibrinogen was approximately 20% of normal levels. ADP-stimulated platelets bound markedly reduced amounts of soluble fibrinogen and platelet(More)
The presence of extracellular ionized calcium (Ca2+) is important to support the aggregation of human blood platelets and for the stability of the platelet fibrinogen receptor, the glycoprotein (GP) IIb-IIIa complex. This study was performed in order to determine the effects of intracellular calcium chelation on human platelet functions, on the expression(More)
Alkoxy-aryl-lactams (cilostamide, AAL 05, ZK 62 711, Ro 20-1724) inhibit differently cAMP or cGMP phosphodiesterases from blood platelets or vascular smooth muscle. Cilostamide (IC50 0.23 microM) and AAL 05 (IC50 0.15 microM) are 100 times more potent towards platelet cAMP phosphodiesterase whereas ZK 62 711 (IC50 2 microM) and Ro 20-1724 (IC50 33 microM)(More)
Understanding the adsorption mechanisms of large molecules on metal surfaces is a demanding task. Theoretical predictions are difficult because of the large number of atoms that have to be considered in the calculations, and experiments aiming to solve the molecule-substrate interaction geometry are almost impossible with standard laboratory techniques.(More)
The oxidation of the Pd(100) surface at oxygen pressures in the 10(-6) to 10(3) mbar range and temperatures up to 1000 K has been studied in situ by surface x-ray diffraction (SXRD). The results provide direct structural information on the phases present in the surface region and on the kinetics of the oxide formation. Depending on the (T,p) environmental(More)