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BACKGROUND AND DESIGN Epiluminescence microscopy (ELM) is a noninvasive technique that, by employing the optical phenomenon of oil immersion, makes subsurface structures of the skin accessible for in vivo examination and thus provides additional criteria for the clinical diagnosis of pigmented skin lesions. At present, almost all studies about the value and(More)
The importance of recognizing early melanoma is generally accepted. Because not all pigmented skin lesions can be diagnosed correctly by their clinical appearance, additional criteria are required for the clinical diagnosis of such lesions. In vivo epiluminescence microscopy provides for a more detailed inspection of the surface of pigmented skin lesions,(More)
BACKGROUND Epiluminescence microscopy (ELM) is a noninvasive technique by which the clinical diagnosis of pigmented skin lesions (PSL) can be improved. Many ELM criteria have been described, but their significance in the differential diagnosis of PSL has not yet been established. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine the value of ELM(More)
BACKGROUND Epiluminescence microscopy (ELM) provides for increased accuracy in the clinical diagnosis of pigmented skin lesions (PSL). It is based on pattern analysis of ELM criteria, which requires experience. The recently introduced application of the ABCD score to ELM facilitates this by permitting lesion evaluation on the basis of predefined clinical(More)
BACKGROUND A multicentre, centrally randomized, open-labelled study with temozolomide and interferon (IFN)-alpha 2b was carried out to study the therapeutic effect in patients with metastatic melanoma stage IV. OBJECTIVES The response rate, efficacy, side-effects, reasons for discontinuation of therapy and survival rate of 47 patients treated with(More)
The majority of pigmented skin lesions can be diagnosed correctly on the basis of clinical criteria; however, there remain a surprisingly high number of small pigmented lesions in which the distinction between melanocytic and non-melanocytic and benign and malignant lesions, and thus between melanoma and non-melanoma, is difficult or impossible to make with(More)
BACKGROUND Epiluminescence microscopy (ELM) makes subsurface structures of the skin accessible for in vivo examination and provides additional criteria for the clinical diagnosis of pigmented skin lesions (PSLs). We demonstrated that ELM increases diagnostic sensitivity in dermatologists formally trained in the use of this technique but decreases diagnostic(More)
Pattern analysis by epiluminescence microscopy of pigmented skin lesions was tested in a study of 318 small pigmented skin lesions that were diagnostically equivocal when examined with the naked eye. An improvement of clinical diagnosis was achieved by epiluminescence microscopy for practically all lesions, both benign and malignant, and was equally(More)
Epiluminescence microscopy (ELM) is a non-invasive technique for in vivo examination which can provide additional criteria for the clinical diagnosis of pigmented skin lesions (PSLs). In the present study we attempt to determine whether PSLs can be automatically diagnosed by an integrated computerized system. This system should recognize the PSL,(More)