Andreas Sommer

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The transcription factor NF-kappaB is activated in a range of human cancers and is thought to promote tumorigenesis, mainly due to its ability to protect transformed cells from apoptosis. To investigate the role of NF-kappaB in epithelial plasticity and metastasis, we utilized a well-characterized in vitro/in vivo model of mammary carcinogenesis that(More)
Metastasis is the major cause of cancer morbidity, but strategies for direct interference with invasion processes are lacking. Dedifferentiated, late-stage tumor cells secrete multiple factors that represent attractive targets for therapeutic intervention. Here we show that metastatic potential of oncogenic mammary epithelial cells requires an autocrine(More)
In mammals, genome-wide chromatin maps and immunofluorescence studies show that broad domains of repressive histone modifications are present on pericentromeric and telomeric repeats and on the inactive X chromosome. However, only a few autosomal loci such as silent Hox gene clusters have been shown to lie in broad domains of repressive histone(More)
V(H)-DJ(H) recombination of the immunoglobulin heavy chain (Igh) locus is temporally and spatially controlled during early B cell development, and yet no regulatory elements other than the V(H) gene promoters have been identified throughout the entire V(H) gene cluster. Here, we discovered regulatory sequences that are interspersed in the distal V(H) gene(More)
Pax5 controls the identity and development of B cells by repressing lineage-inappropriate genes and activating B-cell-specific genes. Here, we used genome-wide approaches to identify Pax5 target genes in pro-B and mature B cells. In these cell types, Pax5 bound to 40% of the cis-regulatory elements defined by mapping DNase I hypersensitive (DHS) sites,(More)
Imprinted macro non-protein-coding (nc) RNAs are cis-repressor transcripts that silence multiple genes in at least three imprinted gene clusters in the mouse genome. Similar macro or long ncRNAs are abundant in the mammalian genome. Here we present the full coding and non-coding transcriptome of two mouse tissues: differentiated ES cells and fetal head(More)
Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) stimulates extracellular matrix metabolism, growth, and movement of mesodermally derived cells. We have previously shown that collagen content in polyvinyl alcohol sponges increased after bFGF treatment. We hypothesized that bFGF-treated incisional wounds would heal more rapidly. After intraperitoneal pentobarbital(More)
The administration of recombinant human IGF-I complexed with its predominant binding protein IGF binding protein-3 (rhIGF-I/IGFBP-3) may allow the safe administration of higher doses of IGF-I than can be accomplished with rhIGF-I alone. The aim of this randomized, double-blind, placebo- controlled pilot study was to evaluate the short-term safety and(More)
The dose-related effects of systemically administered rhIGF-I and rhIGF-I/IGFBP-3 were monitored in the osteopenic rat skeleton at three different sites with cancellous bone: distal femoral metaphysis, epiphysis, and lumbar vertebral bodies. At the age of 16 weeks, rats were bilaterally ovariectomized (OVX) or sham operated (sham) and 8 weeks later divided(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare dose-related effects on cortical bone and lean body mass following subcutaneous administration of rhIGF-I alone, or bound to an equimolar amount of rhIGFBP-3 to adult Ovx rats. At the age of 16 weeks, rats were ovariectomized or sham-operated and were allowed 8 weeks to develop osteopenia. After being divided into(More)