Andreas Sebastian Peters

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Wound healing crucially relies on the mechanical activity of fibroblasts responding to TGFβ1 and to forces transmitted across focal adhesions. Integrin-linked kinase (ILK) is a central adapter recruited to integrin β1 tails in focal adhesions mediating the communication between cells and extracellular matrix. Here, we show that fibroblast-restricted(More)
BACKGROUND Absent in melanoma (AIM2) was recently identified to act as a cytosolic DNA sensor in innate immunity. Considering the role of chronic inflammation in atherosclerosis, we hypothesized that AIM2 may act as a damage signal that is activated in response to cellular stress likewise in vascular cells of larger arteries. We thus addressed AIM2(More)
Glo1 (glyxoalase I) is a cytosolic protein expressed in all mammalian cells. Its physiological function is the detoxification of MG (methylglyoxal), which is a potent precursor of AGEs (advanced glycation end-products). Although the impact of AGEs on different forms of vascular diseases has been intensively investigated, the evidence for the involvement of(More)
Many tissues are constantly exposed to mechanical stress, e.g. shear stress in vascular endothelium, compression forces in cartilage or tensile strain in the skin. Dermal fibroblasts can differentiate into contractile myofibroblasts in a process requiring the presence of TGFβ1 in addition to mechanical load. We aimed at investigating the effect of cyclic(More)
Mechanical forces are highly variable ranging from the ubiquitous gravity force to compression, fluid shear, torsion, tension and other forms. Mechanical forces act on cells and modulate their biological responses by regulating gene transcription, enzyme and growth factor activity. In soft connective tissues, formation of myofibroblasts strictly requires a(More)
OBJECTIVE Glyoxalase 1 (GLO1) is ubiquitously expressed in the cytosol of the cell and is the major opponent against the reactive metabolite methylglyoxal, which is involved in the development of atherosclerosis. Nondiabetic individuals with an increased hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level are at higher risk for development of cardiovascular diseases. As such,(More)
Abdominal aortic aneurysm is a common degenerative vascular disorder associated with sudden death due to aortic rupture. This review describes epidemiology, predisposing factors, and biology of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (rAAAs). Based on a selective literature search in Medline (PubMed), original publications, meta-analyses, systematic reviews,(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Social phobia is characterized by avoidance of feared social situations. Although avoidance is a central feature of social anxiety, few studies have examined avoidance learning. METHODS We used a probabilistic instrumental learning paradigm where participants had to learn by trial and error which response led to the disappearance(More)
Objective. Glyoxalase-1 is an enzyme detoxifying methylglyoxal (MG). MG is a potent precursor of advanced glycation endproducts which are regarded to be a key player in micro- and macrovascular damage. Yet, the role of Glo1 in atherosclerosis remains unclear. In this study, the effect of Glo1 on mouse metabolism and atherosclerosis is evaluated. Methods.(More)
The most important structural proteins of the vascular wall are collagen and elastin. Genetically linked connective tissue diseases lead to degeneration, aneurysm formation and spontaneous dissection or rupture of arteries. The most well-known are Marfan syndrome, vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (type IV), Loeys-Dietz syndrome and familial aortic aneurysms(More)