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Humanoid robots are fascinating from two points of view, firstly their construction and secondly because they lend life to inanimate objects. The combination of biology and robots leads to smoother and compliant movement which is more pleasant for us as people. Biologically inspired robots embody non-rigid movement which are made possible by special joints(More)
It is unclear why some species become successful invaders whilst others fail, and whether invasive success depends on pre-adaptations already present in the native range or on characters evolving de-novo after introduction. Ants are among the worst invasive pests, with Lasius neglectus and its rapid spread through Europe and Asia as the most recent example(More)
" Without embodiment artificial intelligence is nothing. " Algorithms in the field of artificial intelligence are mostly tested on a computer instead of testing on a real platform. Our anthropomorphic robot ZAR5 (in German Zwei-Arm-Roboter in the 5 th version) is the first biologically inspired and completely artificial muscle driven robot torso that can be(More)
We consider the combination of discontinuous Galerkin discretizations in space with various time integration methods for linear acoustic, elastic, and electromagnetic wave equations. For the discontinuous Galerkin method we derive explicit formulas for the full upwind flux for heterogeneous materials by solving the Riemann problems for the corresponding(More)
The farnesoid X receptor (FXR) is expressed predominantly in tissues exposed to high levels of bile acids and controls bile acid and lipid homeostasis. FXR(-/-) mice develop hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and show an increased prevalence for intestinal malignancies, suggesting a role of FXR as a tumor suppressor in enterohepatic tissues. The N-myc(More)
BACKGROUND Growing evidence suggests that abdominal obesity is a more important risk factor for the prognosis of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases than BMI. Somatic-affective symptoms of depression have also been linked to cardiovascular risk. The relationship between obesity and depression, however, has remained contradictory. Our aim was therefore to(More)
In this paper we provide insight into the cryptic diversity and biogeographic patterns of a widely distributed Mediterranean ant species, Temnothorax lichtensteini (Bondroit Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 87:1–174, 1918), based on evidence from multiple data sources. An exploratory analysis of morphometric data, combined with sequencing of a(More)
MAIN OBJECTIVE To evaluate the distribution of central corneal thickness (CCT) in a large German cohort and to analyse its relationship with intraocular pressure and further ocular factors. DESIGN Population-based, prospective, cohort study. METHODS The Gutenberg Health Study (GHS) cohort included 4,698 eligible enrollees of 5,000 subjects (age range(More)
BACKGROUND Different biological pathways have been related to atrial fibrillation (AF). Novel biomarkers capturing inflammation, oxidative stress, and neurohumoral activation have not been investigated comprehensively in AF. METHODS AND RESULTS In the population-based Gutenberg Health Study (n = 5000), mean age 56 ± 11 years, 51% males, we measured ten(More)
BACKGROUND Despite their high prevalence, sleep disorders often remain unrecognized and untreated because of barriers to assessment and management. The aims of the present study were to examine associations of complaints of sleep disturbances with cardiovascular disease, related risk factors, and inflammation in the community and to determine the(More)