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Humanoid robots are fascinating from two points of view, firstly their construction and secondly because they lend life to inanimate objects. The combination of biology and robots leads to smoother and compliant movement which is more pleasant for us as people. Biologically inspired robots embody non-rigid movement which are made possible by special joints(More)
It is unclear why some species become successful invaders whilst others fail, and whether invasive success depends on pre-adaptations already present in the native range or on characters evolving de-novo after introduction. Ants are among the worst invasive pests, with Lasius neglectus and its rapid spread through Europe and Asia as the most recent example(More)
Human-like robots combine the optimized biological morphology and functionality of the real human with the mechanical constraints and limitations in the creation as well as possible. This will be a trade-off at all times. The best biological solution of a detail is often simple in the function but too complex for the technical analogue. The technical(More)
BACKGROUND Several methods of noninvasive vascular function testing have been suggested for cardiovascular risk screening in the community. A direct comparison of the different methods and their relation to classical cardiovascular risk factors in a large cohort is missing. METHODS AND RESULTS In 5000 individuals (mean age, 55.5 ± 10.9 years; age range,(More)
AIMS multimarker approaches for risk prediction in coronary artery disease have remained inconsistent. We assessed multiple biomarkers representing distinct pathophysiological pathways in relation to cardiovascular events in stable angina. METHODS AND RESULTS we investigated 12 biomarkers reflecting inflammation [C-reactive protein, growth-differentiation(More)
We consider the combination of discontinuous Galerkin discretizations in space with various time integration methods for linear acoustic, elastic, and electromagnetic wave equations. For the discontinuous Galerkin method we derive explicit formulas for the full upwind flux for heterogeneous materials by solving the Riemann problems for the corresponding(More)
" Without embodiment artificial intelligence is nothing. " Algorithms in the field of artificial intelligence are mostly tested on a computer instead of testing on a real platform. Our anthropomorphic robot ZAR5 (in German Zwei-Arm-Roboter in the 5 th version) is the first biologically inspired and completely artificial muscle driven robot torso that can be(More)
The farnesoid X receptor (FXR) is expressed predominantly in tissues exposed to high levels of bile acids and controls bile acid and lipid homeostasis. FXR(-/-) mice develop hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and show an increased prevalence for intestinal malignancies, suggesting a role of FXR as a tumor suppressor in enterohepatic tissues. The N-myc(More)
MAIN OBJECTIVE To evaluate the distribution of central corneal thickness (CCT) in a large German cohort and to analyse its relationship with intraocular pressure and further ocular factors. DESIGN Population-based, prospective, cohort study. METHODS The Gutenberg Health Study (GHS) cohort included 4,698 eligible enrollees of 5,000 subjects (age range(More)
OBJECTIVE The inflammatory and immune systems are altered in type 2 diabetes. Here, the aim was to profile the immune and inflammatory response in subjects with prediabetes and diabetes in a large population-representative sample. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In total, 15,010 individuals were analyzed from the population-based Gutenberg Health Study.(More)