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Ewing's sarcoma is the second most frequent primary bone cancer, with approximately 225 new cases diagnosed each year in patients less than 20 years of age in North America. It is one of the pediatric small round blue cell tumors, characterized by strong membrane expression of CD99 in a chain-mail pattern and negativity for lymphoid (CD45), rhabdomyosarcoma(More)
PURPOSE The impact of different local therapy approaches on local control, event-free survival, and secondary malignancies in the CESS 81, CESS 86, and EICESS 92 trials was investigated. METHODS AND MATERIALS The data of 1058 patients with localized Ewing tumors were analyzed. Wherever feasible, a surgical local therapy approach was used. In patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Mesenchymal chondrosarcoma (MCS) is a rare tumor with a strong tendency toward late recurrences leading to reported 10-year survival rates below 50%. The recommended treatment is resection with wide margins; the effectiveness of chemo- and radiotherapy remain poorly defined. As reports about MCS in young patients are scarce, treatment and(More)
Even after surgery and radiotherapy, malignant gliomas still have a poor prognosis. The authors report on their experience with IORT in 71 patients. From May 1992 to February 2004, 71 patients with malignant gliomas were treated with IORT. 26 patients suffered from grade III gliomas, 45 patients from glioblastomas (GBM). IORT was carried out using a(More)
PURPOSE In the prospective Cooperative Soft Tissue Sarcoma Study Group (CWS) 81, 86, 91, and 96 trials, radiotherapy was omitted in some patients with rhabdomyosarcoma and rhabdomyosarcoma-like tumors within Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study (IRS) group II. This analysis evaluates whether subgroups can be defined for which radiotherapy is not necessary. (More)
OPINION STATEMENT Bone tumors, particularly osteosarcomas and members of the Ewing Sarcoma Family of Tumors (ESFT), are typical malignancies of adolescents and young adults. Current diagnostic and therapeutic guidelines for patients of all ages were developed in this specific age group. The aim of bone sarcoma therapy should be to cure the patient from both(More)
AIM The Multicenter Study Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma (MSDS) is an ongoing study in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland on the clinical benefit of adjuvant external beam radiotherapy (RTx) for locally invasive differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) in TNM stages pT4 pN0/1/x M0/x (5th ed. 1997). METHODS MSDS was designed as a prospective randomized(More)
The precise pathophysiological mechanisms of radiation-induced lung injury are poorly understood, but have been shown to correlate with dysregulation of different cytokines. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the time course of the pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-(TNF-)α, interleukin-(IL-)1α and IL-6 after whole-lung irradiation. The(More)
AIM Evaluate the clinical benefit of external beam radiotherapy (RTx) for locally invasive thyroid carcinoma with follicular cell differentiation (DTC). PATIENTS, METHODS The Multicentre Study on Differentiated Thyroid Cancer (MSDS) was planned as a prospective multicenter trial on the benefit of adjuvant RTx in locally invasive DTC (pT4; UICC 1997) with(More)
PURPOSE Treatment results in patients with Ewing tumors of the vertebrae enrolled in the Cooperative Ewing's Sarcoma Study (CESS) 81, 86, and the European Intergroup Cooperative Ewing's Sarcoma Study (EICESS) 92 trials were analyzed with special emphasis on radiation-associated factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS A retrospective analysis was performed on 116(More)