1 Executive summary Education reform is top of the agenda of almost every country in the world. Yet despite massive increases in spending (last year, the world's governments spent $2 trillion on education) and ambitious attempts at reform, the performance of many school systems has barely improved in decades. This is all the more surprising because there… (More)
2 Recent national and international tests show significant differences in student achievement. Students in the United States perform behind their OECD peers. Within the United States, white students generally perform better on tests than black students; rich students generally perform better than poor students; and students of similar backgrounds perform… (More)
3 Foreword Foreword • This thematic report explores results of the 2003 cycle of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) in order to identify teaching and learning strategies that contribute to increased achievement, particularly in mathematics. The analysis helps to clarify an understanding of the following: (i) the differences between… (More)
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Foreword How well are young adults prepared to meet the challenges of the future? Are they able to analyse, reason and communicate their ideas effectively? Do they have the capacity to continue learning throughout life? Parents, students, the public and those who run education systems need to know the answers to these questions. Many education systems… (More)
P r o g r a m m e f o r I n t e r n a t i o n a l S t u d e n t A s s e s s m e n t This brochure describes the OECD's proposal for the PISA 2018 Global Competence assessment that emphasises quality and relevance. It builds on the work already undertaken by the Global Competence Expert Group and incorporates contributions from OECD member countries. The… (More)