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A framework is proposed that allows for a joint description and optimization of both binary polar coding and 2 m-ary digital pulse-amplitude modulation (PAM) schemes such as multilevel coding (MLC) and bit-interleaved coded modulation (BICM). The conceptual equivalence of polar coding and multilevel coding is covered in detail. Based on an alternative(More)
We performed the biochemical and biophysical characterization of a red fluorescent protein, eqFP611, from the sea anemone Entacmaea quadricolor cloned in Escherichia coli. With an excitation maximum at 559 nm and an emission maximum at 611 nm, the recombinant protein shows the most red-shifted emission and the largest Stokes shift of all nonmodified(More)
In this article, we study the coupled mode space approach to nonequilibrium Green's function ͑NEGF͒ simulation. When the lateral confinement of nanoscale devices changes abruptly and the correlation functions arising from coupled mode effects are improperly evaluated in the current and charge density calculations, it becomes difficult to solve(More)
A framework is proposed that allows for a joint description and optimization of both binary polar coding and the multilevel coding (MLC) approach for 2<sup>m</sup>-ary digital pulse-amplitude modulation (PAM). The conceptual equivalence of polar coding and multilevel coding is pointed out in detail. Based on a novel characterization of the channel(More)
—We consider the joint design of polar coding and higher-order modulation schemes for ever increased spectral efficiency. The close connection between the polar code construction and the multi-level coding approach is described in detail. Relations between different modulation schemes such as bit-interleaved coded modulation (BICM) and multi-level coding(More)
The Multi-Wavelet (MW) Discontinuous Galerkin method (DG) (MWDG) for high polynomial orders (POs) is proposed for the solution of 6-dimensional transport equations for the first time. In contrast to the popular Spherical Harmonics expansion method (SHE), the DG formulation is stable under the application of high order piecewise polynomials (pp) in energy(More)
Among the alloys of Group IV semiconductors the Germanium-Tin (GeSn) alloy is particularly interesting as it exhibits a small and direct band gap for a certain range of Sn content. This feature can be exploited for high-performance tunnel FET (TFET) application. The small direct band gap enhances the band-to-band-tunneling (BTBT) rate which results in a(More)
Awake fiberoptic intubation seems to continually lose importance in recent years. Alternative options of airway management are coming more and more into the focus of clinical anaesthesia and are moreover advertised specifically for the difficult airway. The concern seems justified that this intubation technique - once the indisputed standard in the(More)