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Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a powerful stimulant of food intake and is proposed to activate a hypothalamic 'feeding' receptor distinct from previously cloned Y-type receptors. This receptor was first suggested to explain a feeding response to NPY and related peptides, including NPY2-36, that differed from their activities at the Y1 receptor. Here we report the(More)
The recently discovered rat neuropeptide Y (NPY) receptor, the Y5 subtype, has been proposed to mediate the NPY-induced feeding response and therefore plays a central role in the regulation of food intake. These conclusions were based on studies with peptidic agonists. We now report studies in which phosphothioate end-protected antisense(More)
To examine the effect of chronic endogenous melanocortin receptor (MC-R) antagonism on macronutrient diet selection, Ay/a mice that ectopically overexpress the MC-R antagonist, agouti, were fed a three-choice macronutrient diet of pure fat, carbohydrate, and protein. Ay/a mice gained more weight and consumed a greater proportion of their daily intake from(More)
In the literature, conflicting data on the effect of NPY Y1 antisense oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) on food intake have been reported, describing either an increase or a decrease in feeding in antisense-treated animals. In the present studies antisense oligodeoxynucleotides targeted to the Y1 receptor (Y1 antisense ODNs) were used to re-investigate the(More)
Knowledge on the spatial and temporal distribution of snow depth is one of the key parameter in the assessment of avalanche hazards, for snow drift and avalanche modelling and model verification. Reliable measurements of snow depth distribution are of interest for practitioners as well as for scientists. Most of the conventional methods like snow pits,(More)
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