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Inflammation contributes to brain damage caused by ischaemic stroke. Macrophages, as the prevailing inflammatory cell population in stroke lesions, can be visualized using ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) as a cell-specific contrast agent for MRI. In this single-centre open-labelled clinical phase II study we tested the potential of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To assess patient radiation exposure in comprehensive stroke imaging using multidetector row CT (MDCT) combining standard CT of the head, cerebral perfusion (CTP), and CT angiography (CTA) studies. METHODS Examination protocols for CT and CTA of cerebral and cervical vessels, as well as CTP were simulated using a Somatom Sensation(More)
Pain is a complex experience with sensory, emotional and cognitive aspects. The cortical representation of pain - the pain matrix - consists of a network of regions including the primary (S1) and secondary (S2) sensory cortex, insula, and anterior cingulate cortex (ACC). These structures interact with brain regions such as the prefrontal cortex and the(More)
BACKGROUND The anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab effectively depletes B lymphocytes and has been successfully used in the therapy of immune-mediated disorders of the peripheral nervous system. A limited effect of rituximab on B lymphocytes in the cerebrospinal fluid compartment of patients with primary progressive multiple sclerosis (MS) was recently(More)
Recently, macrophage infiltration in different central nervous system (CNS) pathologies has been visualized with ultrasmall particles of iron oxide (USPIO) as a new cell-specific contrast medium for MRI. However, validation of these findings at the histological level has been hampered by the fact that the in situ detection of iron uptake by conventional(More)
Wilson's disease (WD) is an inherited disorder of copper metabolism yielding marked motor deficits, including a severely disabling tremor. As a structural correlate of the disease, a variety of cerebral abnormalities has been revealed. However, the relationship between motor deficits and cerebral lesions has remained largely unknown. Here, we investigated(More)
BACKGROUND Behavioral and electrophysiological human ketamine models of schizophrenia are used for testing compounds that target the glutamatergic system. However, corresponding functional neuroimaging models are difficult to reconcile with functional imaging and electrophysiological findings in schizophrenia. Resolving the discrepancies between different(More)
Pain is a complex experience with sensory, emotional and cognitive aspects. It also includes a sympathetic response that can be captured by measuring the electrodermal activity (EDA). The present study was performed to investigate which brain areas are associated with sympathetic activation in experimental pain; an issue that has not been addressed with(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Inflammation contributes to brain damage caused by ischemic stroke. Ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO)-enhanced MRI allows noninvasive monitoring of macrophage recruitment into ischemic brain lesions. In this study, we determined the extent of USPIO enhancement during early stages of ischemic stroke. METHODS Twelve(More)