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Inflammation contributes to brain damage caused by ischaemic stroke. Macrophages, as the prevailing inflammatory cell population in stroke lesions, can be visualized using ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) as a cell-specific contrast agent for MRI. In this single-centre open-labelled clinical phase II study we tested the potential of(More)
Pain is a complex experience with sensory, emotional and cognitive aspects. The cortical representation of pain - the pain matrix - consists of a network of regions including the primary (S1) and secondary (S2) sensory cortex, insula, and anterior cingulate cortex (ACC). These structures interact with brain regions such as the prefrontal cortex and the(More)
A painful experience is modified by processes like habituation/antinociception or sensitization. Altered habituation may be one characteristic of chronic pain syndromes. In the present study we sought to investigate the functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) correlate of rapid habituation to pain using simultaneous(More)
BACKGROUND Behavioral and electrophysiological human ketamine models of schizophrenia are used for testing compounds that target the glutamatergic system. However, corresponding functional neuroimaging models are difficult to reconcile with functional imaging and electrophysiological findings in schizophrenia. Resolving the discrepancies between different(More)
Wilson's disease (WD) is an inherited disorder of copper metabolism yielding marked motor deficits, including a severely disabling tremor. As a structural correlate of the disease, a variety of cerebral abnormalities has been revealed. However, the relationship between motor deficits and cerebral lesions has remained largely unknown. Here, we investigated(More)
BACKGROUND The anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab effectively depletes B lymphocytes and has been successfully used in the therapy of immune-mediated disorders of the peripheral nervous system. A limited effect of rituximab on B lymphocytes in the cerebrospinal fluid compartment of patients with primary progressive multiple sclerosis (MS) was recently(More)
Recently, macrophage infiltration in different central nervous system (CNS) pathologies has been visualized with ultrasmall particles of iron oxide (USPIO) as a new cell-specific contrast medium for MRI. However, validation of these findings at the histological level has been hampered by the fact that the in situ detection of iron uptake by conventional(More)
Pain is a complex experience with sensory, emotional and cognitive aspects. It also includes a sympathetic response that can be captured by measuring the electrodermal activity (EDA). The present study was performed to investigate which brain areas are associated with sympathetic activation in experimental pain; an issue that has not been addressed with(More)
Brain inflammation holds promise as a therapeutic target in subacute stages of ischemic stroke. At the cellular level, postischemic inflammation is dominated by cells of the innate immune system with resident microglia/brain macrophages and blood-derived monocytes/macrophages being the most important cell types involved. Iron oxide nanoparticles such as(More)
We hypothesized that in patients with negative fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) images T(2) weighted fast spin-echo (FSE) images and T(1) weighted spin-echo (SE) images before and after intravenous administration of gadolinium-based contrast medium display no pathology either. Thus, we assessed the negative predictive value of FLAIR images to(More)