Andreas Plückthun

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A prerequisite for the use of recombinant antibody technologies starting from hybridomas or immune repertoires is the reliable cloning of functional immunoglobulin genes. For this purpose, a standard phage display system was optimized for robustness, vector stability, tight control of scFv-delta geneIII expression, primer usage for PCR amplification of(More)
By analyzing the human antibody repertoire in terms of structure, amino acid sequence diversity and germline usage, we found that seven V(H) and seven V(L) (four Vkappa and three Vlambda) germline families cover more than 95 % of the human antibody diversity used. A consensus sequence was derived for each family and optimized for expression in Escherichia(More)
We describe an efficient way to generate combinatorial libraries of stable, soluble and well-expressed ankyrin repeat (AR) proteins. Using a combination of sequence and structure consensus analyses, we designed a 33 amino acid residue AR module with seven randomized positions having a theoretical diversity of 7.2x10(7). Different numbers of this module were(More)
There is an ever-increasing demand to select specific, high-affinity binding molecules against targets of biomedical interest. The success of such selections depends strongly on the design and functional diversity of the library of binding molecules employed, and on the performance of the selection strategy. We recently developed SRP phage display that(More)
We report here a system with which a correctly folded complete protein and its encoding mRNA both remain attached to the ribosome and can be enriched for the ligand-binding properties of the native protein. We have selected a single-chain fragment (scFv) of an antibody 10(8)-fold by five cycles of transcription, translation, antigen-affinity selection, and(More)
Functional bivalent miniantibodies, directed against the epidermal growth factor receptor, accumulated to more than 3 gl−1 in high-cell-density cultures of Escherichia coli RV308(pHKK) on a pilot scale. The miniantibodies consist of scFv fragments with a C-termi-nal hinge followed by a helix-turn-helix motif, which homodimerizes in vivo. The improved(More)
We report here the evolution of ankyrin repeat (AR) proteins in vitro for specific, high-affinity target binding. Using a consensus design strategy, we generated combinatorial libraries of AR proteins of varying repeat numbers with diversified binding surfaces. Libraries of two and three repeats, flanked by 'capping repeats,' were used in ribosome-display(More)
To create a rapid system to test the effect of sequence changes on recombinant antibody binding, we have developed a procedure for producing functional scFv fragments in an Escherichia coli cell-free translation system. Functional antibodies with antigen-binding activity are obtained only if disulfide formation and rearrangement is allowed to take place(More)
We have produced single-chain antibody fragments (scFv) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae at levels up to 20 mg/L in shake flask culture by a combination of expression level tuning and overexpression of folding assistants. Overexpression of the chaperone BiP or protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) increases secretion titers 2-8 fold for five scFvs. The increases(More)
The efficiency of both phage display in Escherichia coli and periplasmic expression of recombinant proteins may be limited by the same periplasmic folding steps. To search for E. coli factors that improve the efficiency of both procedures, a library of E. coli proteins was coexpressed in a phagemid vector that contained a poorly folding single-chain Fv(More)