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Study Design Narrative review. Objective To elucidate the current concepts in diagnosis and treatment of traumatic spondylolisthesis of the axis. Methods Literature review using PubMed, Google Scholar, and Cochrane databases. Results The traumatic spondylolisthesis of the axis accounts to 5% of all cervical spine injuries and is defined by a bilateral(More)
Osteoblastoma is a rare, benign bone tumor that accounts for approximately 1 % of all primary bone tumors and 5 % of spinal tumors, mostly arising within the posterior elements of the spine within the second and third decades of life. Nonspecific initial symptoms mainly neck or back pain and stiffness of the spine remain often undiagnosed and the(More)
Unstable fractures of the thoracolumbar spine without neurological deficit can be treated by percutaneous screw-rod stabilization techniques. Percutaneous techniques are preferable especially in elderly patients with a high rate of comorbidities due to decreased blood loss and shorter operation times. Minimized soft tissue trauma may further allow earlier(More)
Introduction Osteoblastoma is a rare primary neoplasm of bone, categorized as a benign bone tumor. It differs from osteoid osteoma in its ability to grow larger than 2.0 cm in diameter. Osteoblastoma is a bone-forming lesion about 20 times less common than osteosarcoma. According to the Musculoskeletal Society Tumor Staging (MSTS) system of benign bone(More)
Injuries of the occipital condyles are rare. While the majority of occipital condyle fractures can be treated conservatively, surgery is recommended in craniocervical misalignment and instability. Open reduction and temporary occipito-cervical stabilization might be an alternative to fusion or halo treatment. This Grand Round case presentation describes(More)
Introduction Neurinomas represent the most frequent tumor lesions of the spine with prevalence of the lower cervical spine and the lumbar spine. As much as 29% of all primary spinal tumors are intraspinal neurinomas [1]. Neurinomas can occur in every age. The peak seems to be between the 4th and 6th decade of life. There is no significant prevalence between(More)
Cervical neuroforaminal stenosis is a common cause of neck pain and radicular arm pain. At the entrance of the foraminal canal the nerve root can be encroached by a cartilaginous cap, a bony spondylophyte, a synovial cyst or a combination of them. Additionally bony spurs arising from the uncovertebral (Luschka) joints might compress the anterior aspect of(More)
Klassifikationen in der Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie sind relevant für die Kommunikation zwischen Therapeuten, für die Patientenbehandlung und auch für die wissenschaftliche Forschung. Idealerweise sollten Klassifikationen einfach und reproduzierbar sein und die jeweiligen für die Behandlung relevanten Charakteristika der Verletzungstypen hervorheben. Sie(More)
Posterior decompression and stabilisation of a spondylodiscitis is usually indicated when the conservative treatment consisting of bed rest and antibiotics does not lead to an improvement of symptoms. Surgery is also necessary if an epidural abscess is present and a progression of the infection with bony destruction or even neurological deficit occurs. The(More)