Learn More
The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 47 children and adolescents with autism was analyzed for the contents of two astroglial proteins, the glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFA) and S 100. The results were contrasted with those obtained in similarly aged cases with other neuropsychiatric disorders (n = 25) and in normal children (n = 10). S-100 did not(More)
The use of the CEN (European Committee for Standardization) standard method for sampling fish in lakes using multi-mesh gillnets allowed the collection of fish assemblages of 445 European lakes in 12 countries. The lakes were additionally characterised by environmental drivers and eutrophication proxies. Following a site-specific approach including a(More)
The concentration of free amino acids was measured in the cerebrospinal fluid of four patients with Rett syndrome. The reference material were patients with autistic disorder who had CSF aminoacid levels similar to those reported for healthy children. The concentration of glutamate-but of no other amino acid-was markedly elevated in the CSF of the RS(More)
1. In this commentary we discuss results obtained by a micromethod for the study of Cl- permeability across single nerve membranes from rabbit Deiters' neurons. 2. These results showed the presence of GABAA receptors on the nerve cell membrane cytoplasmic side. 3. We could show that these receptor complexes have a higher affinity for GABA than their(More)
BACKGROUND Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is an emerging problem in the western world, being related to increasing age and implying significant costs for the diagnosis and management of affected patients. The epidemiology of IPF is not well understood. METHODS To allow estimates of the problem and eventually to evaluate quality of the care of IPF(More)
The reduction to the micro-scale of a recently described electrophoretic method for the evaluation of GABA catabolism by GABA-T is presented. The micromethod involves the electrophoresis, in 1 mm diam. capillaries, of small samples of mixtures of [14C]GABA and its metabolites. By coupling this procedure to previously devised micromethods, it was possible to(More)
The permeability of Cl- ions through single microdissected plasma membrane from Deiters' neurons was studied by a microtechnique. In particular, the time course of the passage of 36Cl- ions from a microchamber, M1, to another one, M2, across the membrane was followed. This study was performed with or without gamma-amino-butyric acid (GABA) in the two(More)
36Cl fluxes through microdissected Deiters' neuronal membranes have been studied in a microchamber device simulating the extra- and intracellular compartments. GABA stimulates Cl- permeability through the membranes by 24%. Also, S-100/Ca2+ incorporation into the Deiters' membrane increases 36Cl- permeation to a similar extent. The two effects do not appear(More)
A micromethod allowing the study of the characteristics of single GABA-acceptive membranes microdissected from Deiters' neurones was used in order to assess the effects of both "extra"- and "intra"-cellular GABA on Cl- permeability. The results indicate that GABA can activate Cl- permeability in the in----out direction when it is present on the cytoplasmic(More)