Andreas Michalik

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Electromagnetic noise is emitted everywhere humans use electronic devices. For decades, it has been hotly debated whether man-made electric and magnetic fields affect biological processes, including human health. So far, no putative effect of anthropogenic electromagnetic noise at intensities below the guidelines adopted by the World Health Organization has(More)
Young night-migratory birds establish a functional star compass during ontogeny by searching the starry night sky for its centre of rotation and interpreting this as “north”. The birds then use the learned location of the rotational centre to calibrate their magnetic compass. Here, we examine the required duration of this learning process. We exposed three(More)
Birds can rely on a variety of cues for orientation during migration and homing. Celestial rotation provides the key information for the development of a functioning star and/or sun compass. This celestial compass seems to be the primary reference for calibrating the other orientation systems including the magnetic compass. Thus, detection of the celestial(More)
The diet of the Imperial Shag Phalacrocorax atriceps was studied on New Island, Falkland/Malvinas Islands during the 2008/2009 breeding season, with some additional data from 2007/2008. The diet comprised a large variety of prey, mainly fish, crustaceans and squid. In contrast to other species of the blue-eyed shag complex, prey not only consisted of(More)
Bird feathers are employed in a wide range of carbon and nitrogen isotope studies relating to diet and migration. Feathers are chemically inert with respect to carbon and nitrogen, after synthesis. It has always been assumed that feathers show isotope values characteristic of keratin, a fibrous structural protein from which they are formed. Little attention(More)
Stable isotope analysis (SIA) is used in the study of trophic relationships in food webs, being also a powerful tool for the study of intraspecific diet segregation. Unlike short-term data from most conventional diet studies, SIA can also provide information about times when seabirds stay out at sea and are thus not easily accessible. Imperial Shags(More)
Migratory birds can use a variety of environmental cues for orientation. A primary calibration between the celestial and magnetic compasses seems to be fundamental prior to a bird's first autumn migration. Releasing hand-raised or rescued young birds back into the wild might therefore be a problem because they might not have established a functional(More)
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