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To determine if the P300 component of the event-related potential indexes risk for substance use and related disorders, we presented a community sample of 377 16-18-year-old males a visual oddball task and selected 31 subjects with the smallest and 31 subjects with the largest P300 amplitudes. An additional 31 subjects whose amplitudes fell in the middle of(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of sicca symptoms and Sjögren's syndrome (SS) in spondyloarthropathy (SpA) patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and undifferentiated SpA (uSpA). METHODS Patients with SpA with inflammatory back pain and/or peripheral arthritis presenting to the university outpatient clinic were diagnosed as AS (n = 40) and uSpA(More)
OBJECTIVE In Yersinia enterocolitica-triggered reactive arthritis (Yersinia ReA), the synovial T cell response is primarily directed against bacterial components, which are mostly unknown. This study was performed to investigate the synovial proliferative T cell response to a panel of recombinant Yersinia antigens in patients with Yersinia ReA and in(More)
OBJECTIVE Gastrointestinal infections with Yersinia enterocolitica O:3 (YE O:3) can trigger reactive arthritis (ReA). The cellular immune response seems to be of pathogenic importance in ReA, since synovial fluid mononuclear cells (SFMC) of patients with ReA have been shown to recognize YE O:3 antigens. One of these, a 19 kDa protein identified as the(More)
BACKGROUND Reactive arthritis (ReA) is a T cell mediated inflammatory process. The immune response is primarily directed against a triggering organism, although autoimmunity has been invoked in long-lasting, antibiotic-resistant disease. Although a variety of different species are known to trigger Reactive arthritis, the clinical manifestations are(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate computed tomography (CT) guided corticosteroid injections of inflamed sacroiliac (SI) joints in patients with spondyloarthropathies (SpA), and to evaluate dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (DMRI) of the SI joints in serial examinations of these patients, who had different degrees of inflammatory back pain. METHODS We examined and(More)
BACKGROUND Subtherapeutic drug dosing may be even more dangerous than overdosage, especially for intensive care patients requiring hemofiltration. PROPOSAL According to Dettli's fundamental equation, body clearance of any drug (Cl) is a linear function of creatinine clearance (Cl = Cl anur + a x C(Cr)), with [a = (Cl norm - Cl anur)/C(Cr), norm]. We(More)
The gene coding for a putative 19-kDa arthritogenic antigen of Yersinia enterocolitica O:3 (A. K. H. Mertz et al., J. Clin. Invest. 87:632-642, 1991) was cloned and sequenced after amplification of part of the gene by the polymerase chain reaction using degenerate primers, inferred from the amino acid sequence. The deduced amino acid sequence of the antigen(More)
Cationic antigens are known to have considerable arthritogenic potential in experimental systems. During a systematic search for suitable, naturally occurring candidates an intracellular protein was isolated from the ribosomal pellet of Yersinia enterocolitica 0:3, a bacterial strain associated with reactive arthritis in humans. The protein is highly(More)
The reason for the high association of HLA-B27 with diseases such as ankylosing spondylitis and reactive arthritis is not clear. In reactive arthritis, the triggering bacteria are known, thus allowing investigation of their interaction with HLA-B27. CTL lines derived from five patients with Yersinia-induced reactive arthritis were raised by repeated(More)