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A common explanation of molecular recognition by the olfactory system posits that receptors recognize the structure or shape of the odorant molecule. We performed a rigorous test of shape recognition by replacing hydrogen with deuterium in odorants and asking whether Drosophila melanogaster can distinguish these identically shaped isotopes. We report that(More)
Therapeutic Neurofeedback (NFB) using real-time electroencephalography (EEG) data works by reinforcing desired brainwave patterns. Although EEG is a well-established diagnostic tool and EEG-NFB shows great promise for enhancing cognitive performance and treating neurological disorders, proof of its efficacy has been limited. Here we characterize a novel(More)
Advances in electroencephalography (EEG) sensors and embedded signal processing modules are driving interest in wearable EEG devices. EEG based Neurofeedback (NFB) works by reinforcing desired brainwave patterns and shows great promise for enhancing performance and treating mental disorders. Yet, both clinical and at-home efficacies remain low. We propose a(More)
Recent advances in the tracking and quantification of pain using consumer-grade wearable EEG headbands, such as Muse [8] and Neurosky [12], coupled to efficient machine learning [9], pave the way towards applying Self-Calibrating Protocols (SCP) [10] and Dynamic Background Reduction (DBR) [11] principles to basic research, while empowering new applications.(More)
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