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Can protests cause political change, or are they merely symptoms of underlying shifts in policy preferences? We address this question by studying the Tea Party movement in the United States, which rose to prominence through coordinated rallies across the country on Tax Day, April 15, 2009. We exploit variation in rainfall on the day of these rallies as an(More)
This paper examines whether social interactions and cultural practices affect political views and behavior in society. We investigate the issue by documenting a major social and cultural event at different stages in life: the Fourth of July celebrations in the United States during the 20th century. Using absence of rainfall as a proxy for participation in(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of the present study is to calculate the cost-effectiveness of early medical abortion performed by nurse-midwifes in comparison to physicians in a high resource setting where ultrasound dating is part of the protocol. Non-physician health care professionals have previously been shown to provide medical abortion as effectively and(More)
  • Irineu de Carvalho Filho, Stephan Litschig, +7 authors Björn Tyrefors
  • 2013
This paper provides regression discontinuity evidence on long-run and intergenerational education impacts of a temporary increase in federal transfers to local governments in Brazil. Revenues and expenditures of the communities beneeting from extra transfers temporarily increased by about 20% during the 4 year period from 1982 to the end of 1985. Schooling(More)
Using a theory based gravity equation, we …rst show that cultural dissimilarity dampens bilateral import ‡ows between countries. What is more, this paper is the …rst attempt to examine Huntington's the Clash of Civilizations hypothesis from an economic standpoint. We provide evidence that the impact of cultural heterogeneity on trade ‡ows is far more(More)
Are radical reforms able to tackle inequality persistence? We investigate the impact of one of the most radical changes one can think of, Mao's revolution in rural China, on inequality persistence. We identify places which experienced reforms of different intensity for exogenous reasons, by using a unique historical event, the Long March of the Red Army in(More)
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