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Breast milk might be a source of potentially toxic metals such as cadmium (Cd). The purpose of the present study is to provide data pertaining to the influence of maternal lifestyles on Cd concentrations in breast milk in the Austrian setting. Breast milk was obtained from 124 Austrian women. Each participant provided 10 ml of milk. A second group of eight(More)
FRAGESTELLUNG: Welchen Einfluss hat die Art der Entbindung bei Beckenendlage auf den postpartalen Zustand des Neugeborenen. METHODIK: 1345 Termingeburten eines 12-jährigen Zeitraumes wurden nach einer Entbindung aus Beckenendlage retrospektiv untersucht. Es konnte die kindliche Morbidität und die perinatale Mortalität in den einzelnen Entbindungsgruppen(More)
In this study, 223 cases of esophageal atresia (Type IIIb: 85.7%; Type II: 5.8%; Type IIIc: 4.0%; Type IIIa: 2.2%; Type IV: 2.2%) from 6 pediatric surgery centers of Austria, were retrospectively examined for the following parameters and their influence on the prognosis: Birth weight (2494.7 +/- 702.0 g), gestation week (range 27-42 weeks; mean 37.3 +/- 3.1(More)
Virological and clinical data from 73 hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected pregnant women who gave birth to 75 children were merged retrospectively, by logistic regression analysis, to investigate risk factors for vertical transmission of HCV. Eighty-two percent of the HCV-infected mothers were HCV-RNA-positive during pregnancy, and 10% were coinfected with(More)
PURPOSE We studied the functional organization of the interictal epileptic spike complex in patients with benign rolandic epilepsy of childhood (BREC). METHODS We recorded interictal epileptiform spikes and somatosensory evoked potentials after median nerve stimulation, providing a biologic marker for the location of the central sulcus in 12 patients with(More)
Phrenic nerve lesions as a result of birth trauma have been reported as a cause of acute respiratory distress infrequently. We report recent diagnostic and therapeutic experiences in four newborns with birth-traumatic phrenic nerve injury: one bilaterally, and three unilaterally, all right-sided. In each case, mechanical ventilation was required for at(More)
OBJECTIVE Heavy metals are potentially toxic substances, especially for the susceptible infant. Exposure to mercury (Hg) and lead (Pb) may result in neurotoxic and nephrotoxic impairment and in anemia. Previous data on breast milk Pb and Hg contents are sparse or missing for the Austrian population. No evaluations of the influence of mothers' lifestyles on(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate if the factor V Leiden mutation (F-V-LM) and/or the prothrombin gene G 20210 A variant (P-G20210A-V) are risk factors for acute stroke in Austrian children. PATIENTS 33 children with acute ischemic stroke documented by computer tomography and/or magnetic resonance imaging of the brain were enrolled in an open multicenter survey.(More)
Two patients with Wiedemann-Beckwith-Syndrome and neonatal hypoglycemia are reported. The etiology for the impaired glucose metabolism has not been elucitated as yet. In some patients pancreatic islet-cell hyperplasia resulting in hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia was suspected. Increased somatomedin activity was also proposed. We have measured somatomedin(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of metabolic control on quantitative electroencephalographic (EEG) abnormalities in young diabetic patients. We compared quantitative EEGs of 44 insulin-dependent diabetic patients with age-matched controls. Furthermore, differences in EEG variables of diabetic patients and controls were correlated with(More)