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The primary electron donor P700 of photosystem I is a dimer comprised of chlorophyll a (P(B)) and chlorophyll a' (P(A)). P(A) is involved in a hydrogen bond network with several surrounding amino acid residues and a nearby water molecule. To investigate the influence of hydrogen bond interactions on the properties of P700, the threonine at position A739,(More)
Using a confocal fluorescence microscope with an avalanche photodiode as detector, we studied the fluorescence of the tetramethylrhodamine labeled F1 part of the H+-ATPase from Escherichia coli, EF1, carrying the gammaT106-C mutation [Aggeler, J.A. and Capaldi, R.A. (1992) J. Biol. Chem. 267, 21355-21359] in aqueous solution upon excitation with a(More)
Cells contain a multitude of different chemical reaction paths running simultaneously and quite independently next to each other. This amazing feat is enabled by molecular recognition, the ability of biomolecules to form stable and specific complexes with each other and with their substrates. A better understanding of this process, i.e. of the kinetics,(More)
Human neutrophil elastase (HNE), a serine protease, is involved in the regulation of inflammatory processes and controlled by endogenous proteinase inhibitors. Abnormally high levels of HNE can cause degradation of healthy tissues contributing to inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, and also psoriasis and delayed wound healing. In(More)
Roseobacter denitrificans (Erythrobacter species strain OCh114) synthesizes bacteriochlorophyll a (BChl) and the photosynthetic apparatus only in the presence of oxygen and is unable to carry out primary photosynthetic reactions and to grow photosynthetically under anoxic conditions. The puf operon of R. denitrificans has the same five genes in the same(More)
Human neutrophil elastase (HNE) is a serine protease, which is present in its active form in inflamed tissue as well as in psoriatic lesions. In extension of our research on natural compounds as inhibitors of HNE or of its release, several phenolics of different size were tested. The ellagitannins agrimoniin and pedunculagin were the most potent direct HNE(More)
In this study we show that a combination of different theoretical methods is a viable approach to calculate the binding affinities of new ligands for the human neutrophile elastase. This protease degrades elastin and likely aids neutrophils in fulfilling their immunological functions. Abnormally high human neutrophil elastase (HNE) levels are involved in(More)
F(0)F(1) ATP synthases utilize a transmembrane electrochemical potential difference to synthesize ATP from ADP and phosphate. In this work, the binding modes of ADP, ATP and ATP analogues to the catalytic sites of the F(1) part of the mitochondrial ATP synthase were investigated with ligand docking calculations. Binding geometries of ATP and ADP at the(More)
Flash-induced redox changes of b-type and c-type cytochromes have been studied in chromatophores from the aerobic photosynthetic bacterium Roseobacter denitrificans under redox-controlled conditions. The flash-oxidized primary donor P+ of the reaction center (RC) is rapidly re-reduced by heme H1 (Em,7 = 290 mV), heme H2 (Em,7 = 240 mV) or low-potential(More)
The H(+)-ATPase from chloroplasts CFoF1, was brought into the active, reduced state by illumination of thylakoids in the presence of thioredoxin and dithiothreitol. Uni-site ATP synthesis was initiated by the addition of 20 nM [alpha-32P]ADP, and enzyme-bound and free nucleotides were separated by a pressure column. The ratio of enzyme-bound ADP to ATP was(More)