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BACKGROUND Hepatic dysfunction and jaundice are traditionally viewed as late features of sepsis and portend poor outcomes. We hypothesized that changes in liver function occur early in the onset of sepsis, yet pass undetected by standard laboratory tests. METHODS AND FINDINGS In a long-term rat model of faecal peritonitis, biotransformation and(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the impact of an algorithm defining resuscitation according to early goal-directed therapy, glycemic control, administration of stress doses of hydrocortisone, and use of recombinant human activated protein C (rhAPC) on measures of organ dysfunction and outcome in septic shock. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. SETTING(More)
BACKGROUND Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) is reported to reduce biomarkers of ischemic and reperfusion injury in patients undergoing cardiac surgery, but uncertainty about clinical outcomes remains. METHODS We conducted a prospective, double-blind, multicenter, randomized, controlled trial involving adults who were scheduled for elective cardiac(More)
BACKGROUND Monitoring hepatic blood flow and function might be crucial in treating critically ill patients. Intra-abdominal hypertension is associated with decreased abdominal blood flow, organ dysfunction, and increased mortality. The plasma disappearance rate (PDR) of indocyanine green (ICG) is considered to be a compound marker for hepatosplanchnic(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment of septic shock relies on appropriate antimicrobial therapy. Current culture based methods deliver final results after days, which may delay potentially lifesaving adjustments in antimicrobial therapy. This study was undertaken to compare PCR with blood culture results under routine conditions regarding 1. impact on antimicrobial(More)
Development of a dysregulated immune response discriminates sepsis from uncomplicated infection. Currently used biomarkers fail to describe simultaneously occurring pro- and anti-inflammatory responses potentially amenable to therapy. Marker candidates were screened by microarray and, after transfer to a platform allowing point-of-care testing, validated in(More)
According to a previous study, an excellent level of analgesia can be expected when using epidural anaesthesia in patients with acute pancreatitis. In the present investigation, the effectiveness and safety of epidural anaesthesia is demonstrated in a large group of patients with severe acute pancreatitis, who were admitted to an intensive care unit.(More)
Liver dysfunction affects a variety of metabolic pathways in the critically ill, but mechanisms remain poorly understood. We prospectively assessed markers of hepatic injury and function in sepsis and I/R injury in vivo and molecular mechanisms in human liver tissue ex vivo. Markers of hepatocellular injury, synthesis, and excretion, including plasma(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Epidural blockade in major abdominal surgery bears the potential to increase gastrointestinal perfusion and thus to improve patient outcome. The aim of this study was to assess the differential influence of thoracic and lumbar epidural anaesthesia and analgesia (EAA) on blood lactate levels and central venous oxygen saturation(More)
Hepatic dysfunction may develop in critically ill patients in the course of extrahepatic diseases such as sepsis and is frequently limiting prognosis. Conventional "static" laboratory parameters assess hepatocellular damage, synthetic function or cholestasis, providing informations about (differential) diagnostic aspects, while their significance to assess(More)