Andreas Kortgen

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BACKGROUND Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) is reported to reduce biomarkers of ischemic and reperfusion injury in patients undergoing cardiac surgery, but uncertainty about clinical outcomes remains. METHODS We conducted a prospective, double-blind, multicenter, randomized, controlled trial involving adults who were scheduled for elective cardiac(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the impact of an algorithm defining resuscitation according to early goal-directed therapy, glycemic control, administration of stress doses of hydrocortisone, and use of recombinant human activated protein C (rhAPC) on measures of organ dysfunction and outcome in septic shock. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. SETTING(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatic dysfunction and jaundice are traditionally viewed as late features of sepsis and portend poor outcomes. We hypothesized that changes in liver function occur early in the onset of sepsis, yet pass undetected by standard laboratory tests. METHODS AND FINDINGS In a long-term rat model of faecal peritonitis, biotransformation and(More)
Disturbances of some partial liver functions, such as synthesis, excretion, or biotransformation of xenobiotics, are important for prognosis and ultimate survival in patients presenting with multiple organ dysfunction on the intesive care unit (ICU). The incidence of liver dysfunction is underestimated when traditional "static" measures such as(More)
Liver dysfunction affects a variety of metabolic pathways in the critically ill, but mechanisms remain poorly understood. We prospectively assessed markers of hepatic injury and function in sepsis and I/R injury in vivo and molecular mechanisms in human liver tissue ex vivo. Markers of hepatocellular injury, synthesis, and excretion, including plasma(More)
BACKGROUND Monitoring hepatic blood flow and function might be crucial in treating critically ill patients. Intra-abdominal hypertension is associated with decreased abdominal blood flow, organ dysfunction, and increased mortality. The plasma disappearance rate (PDR) of indocyanine green (ICG) is considered to be a compound marker for hepatosplanchnic(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment of septic shock relies on appropriate antimicrobial therapy. Current culture based methods deliver final results after days, which may delay potentially lifesaving adjustments in antimicrobial therapy. This study was undertaken to compare PCR with blood culture results under routine conditions regarding 1. impact on antimicrobial(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of extracorporeal albumin dialysis (ECAD) is to reduce endogenous toxins accumulating in liver failure. To date, ECAD is conducted mainly with the Molecular Adsorbents Recirculating System (MARS). However, single-pass albumin dialysis (SPAD) has been proposed as an alternative. The aim of this study was to compare the two devices with a(More)
Development of a dysregulated immune response discriminates sepsis from uncomplicated infection. Currently used biomarkers fail to describe simultaneously occurring pro- and anti-inflammatory responses potentially amenable to therapy. Marker candidates were screened by microarray and, after transfer to a platform allowing point-of-care testing, validated in(More)
Renal failure is a common complication among critically ill patients. Timing, dosage, and mode of renal replacement (RRT) are under debate, but also anticoagulation strategies and vascular access interfere with dialysis success. We present a retrospective, five-year evaluation of patients requiring RRT on a multidisciplinary 50-bed surgical intensive care(More)