Andreas Knorr

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ROS are a risk factor of several cardiovascular disorders and interfere with NO/soluble guanylyl cyclase/cyclic GMP (NO/sGC/cGMP) signaling through scavenging of NO and formation of the strong oxidant peroxynitrite. Increased oxidative stress affects the heme-containing NO receptor sGC by both decreasing its expression levels and impairing NO-induced(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The peroxisome proliferator-activated nuclear receptors (PPAR-alpha, PPAR-beta, and PPAR-gamma), which modulate the expression of genes involved in energy homeostasis, cell cycle, and immune function, may play a role in hepatic stellate cell activation. Previous studies focused on the decreased expression of PPAR-gamma in hepatic stellate(More)
Activation of cultured hepatic stellate cells correlated with an enhanced expression of proteins involved in uptake and storage of fatty acids (FA translocase CD36, Acyl-CoA synthetase 2) and retinol (cellular retinol binding protein type I, CRBP-I; lecithin:retinol acyltransferases, LRAT). The increased expression of CRBP-I and LRAT during hepatic stellate(More)
Liver fibrosis is characterized by increased synthesis, and decreased degradation, of extracellular matrix (ECM) within the injured tissue. Decreased ECM degradation results, in part, from increased expression of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1), which blocks matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity. TIMP-1 is also involved in promoting(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Liver fibrosis and cirrhosis result from the excessive secretion of matrix proteins by hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). Previously considered irreversible, we have studied a model of cirrhosis to determine the mechanisms mediating and limiting spontaneous recovery. METHODS A micronodular cirrhosis was induced in rats after 12 weeks of(More)
UNLABELLED Liver cirrhosis is a chronic disease with high mortality rate and need for effective pharmacological intervention. The fibrotic remodelling of liver tissue is crucially dependent on hepatic stellate cell activation. Activation of hepatic stellate cells is reduced by an increase in cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP). Stable cGMP analogues also(More)
Soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) is a key signal-transduction enzyme activated by nitric oxide (NO). Impairments of the NO-sGC signaling pathway have been implicated in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular and other diseases. Direct stimulation of sGC represents a promising therapeutic strategy particularly for the treatment of pulmonary hypertension (PH), a(More)
The release of the neurotransmitter norepinephrine (NE) is modulated by presynaptic adenosine receptors. In the present study we investigated the effect of a partial activation of this feedback mechanism. We hypothesized that partial agonism would have differential effects on NE release in isolated hearts as well as on heart rate in vivo depending on the(More)
The present study investigated whether reduced adenylate cyclase activity and an increase in inhibitory guanine nucleotide binding proteins (G^), which have been observed in the failing human heart, already occur in myocardial hypertrophy before the stage of heart failure. In membranes of hypertrophic hearts from rats with different forms of experimentally(More)
The acute effects of a single dose of a new calcium-antagonistic vasodilator, 1,4-dihydro-2,6-dimethyl-4-(3-nitrophenyl)-3,5-pyridine carboxylic acid, 3-ethyl-5-methyl ester (nitrendipine, Bay e 50090, on blood pressure and heart rate was examined in conscious dogs by means of a radio-telemetric method. Nitrendipine caused a dose-dependent fall in mean(More)