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MOTIVATION Promoter analysis is an essential step on the way to identify regulatory networks. A prerequisite for successful promoter analysis is the prediction of potential transcription factor binding sites (TFBS) with reasonable accuracy. The next steps in promoter analysis can be tackled only with reliable predictions, e.g. finding phylogenetically(More)
The functional complexity of the human transcriptome is not yet fully elucidated. We report a high-throughput sequence of the human transcriptome from a human embryonic kidney and a B cell line. We used shotgun sequencing of transcripts to generate randomly distributed reads. Of these, 50% mapped to unique genomic locations, of which 80% corresponded to(More)
MOTIVATION Gene regulation often depends on functional modules which feature a detectable internal organization. Overall sequence similarity of these modules is often insufficient for detection by general search methods like FASTA or even Gapped BLAST. However, it is of interest to evaluate whether modules, often known from experimental analysis of single(More)
Transcriptional regulation depends on the binding of transcription factors to their corresponding binding sites. The response to cellular signals is often mediated by the cooperative binding of transcription factors to well defined regulatory modules consisting of at least two transcription factor binding sites. Such regulatory modules can be responsible(More)
Pathway- or disease-associated genes may participate in more than one transcriptional co-regulation network. Such gene groups can be readily obtained by literature analysis or by high-throughput techniques such as microarrays or protein-interaction mapping. We developed a strategy that defines regulatory networks by in silico promoter analysis, finding(More)
Next-generation sequencing is excellently suited to evaluate the abundance of mRNAs to study gene expression. Here we compare two alternative technologies, cap analysis of gene expression (CAGE) and serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE), for the same RNA samples. Along with quantifying gene expression levels, CAGE can be used to identify tissue-specific(More)
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