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Gibberellic acid (GA) promotes seed germination, elongation growth, and flowering time in plants. GA responses are repressed by DELLA proteins, which contain an N-terminal DELLA domain essential for GA-dependent proteasomal degradation of DELLA repressors. Mutations of or within the DELLA domain of DELLA repressors have been described for species including(More)
In second language learning, the correct use of prosody plays a vital role. Therefore, an automatic method to evaluate the naturalness of the prosody of a speaker is desirable. We present a novel method to model prosody independently of the text and thus independently of the language as well. For this purpose, the voiced and unvoiced speech segments are(More)
The yeast glucose transporters Hxt1, Hxt2, Hxt3, Hxt4, Hxt6, Hxt7 and Gal2, individually expressed in an hxt1-7 null mutant strain, demonstrate the phenomenon of countertransport. Thus, these transporters, which are the most important glucose transporters in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, are facilitated diffusion transporters. Apparent K(m)-values from high to(More)
This paper compares two approaches of automatic age and gender classification with 7 classes. The first approach are Gaussian mixture models (GMMs) with universal background models (UBMs), which is well known for the task of speaker identification/verification. The training is performed by the EM algorithm or MAP adaptation respectively. For the second(More)
Cleft lip and palate (CLP) may cause functional limitations even after adequate surgical and non-surgical treatment, speech disorder being one of them. Until now, an automatic, objective means to determine and quantify the intelligibility did not exist. We have created an automatic evaluation system that assesses speech, based on the result of an automatic(More)
Both the clinically established diameter criterion and novel approaches of computational finite element (FE) analyses for rupture risk stratification of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) are based on assumptions of population-averaged, uniform material properties for the AAA wall. The presence of inter-patient and intra-patient variations in material(More)
The rhizosphere, the narrow zone of soil around living roots, is characterized by root exudates which attract soil microorganisms. Most importantly, certain soil fungi establish symbiotic interactions with fine roots which enhance nutrient availability for the plant partner (mycorrhiza). The establishment of such a symbiosis can be affected by soil(More)
This is a PDF file of an unedited manuscript that has been accepted for publication. As a service to our customers we are providing this early version of the manuscript. The manuscript will undergo copyediting, typesetting, and review of the resulting proof before it is published in its final form. Please note that during the production process errors may(More)
One of the most common modalities to examine the human eye is the eye-fundus photograph. The evaluation of fundus photographs is carried out by medical experts during time-consuming visual inspection. Our aim is to accelerate this process using computer aided diagnosis. As a first step, it is necessary to segment structures in the images for tissue(More)
This paper discusses the automatic evaluation of speech of children with cleft lip and palate (CLP). CLP speech shows special characteristics such as hypernasality, backing, and weakening of plosives. In total five criteria were subjectively assessed by an experienced speech expert on the phone level. This subjective evaluation was used as a gold standard(More)