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Dieting as a strategy to reduce body weight often fails as it causes food cravings leading to bingeing and weight regain. Evidence from several lines of research suggests the presence of shared elements for neural regulation of food and drug craving. We quantified the expression of eight genes involved in dopamine signalling in brain regions related to the(More)
BACKGROUND A retrospective study of long term outcome after the development of metastases from osteosarcoma was performed, with emphasis on the impact of different treatment strategies and the identification of prognostic factors. METHODS From 1975 to 1993, a population-based series of 60 patients with distant metastases (relapse) from high grade,(More)
Our understanding of the central regulation of food intake and body weight has increased tremendously through implication of a high number of neuropeptides. However, lack of all-embracing studies have made comparison difficult in the past. The objective of this study was to demonstrate the relative importance of the different neuropeptides in terms of(More)
Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARPs) activate DNA repair mechanisms upon stress- and cytotoxin-induced DNA damage, and inhibition of PARP activity is a lead in cancer drug therapy. We present a structural and functional analysis of the PARP domain of human PARP-3 in complex with several inhibitors. Of these, KU0058948 is the strongest inhibitor of PARP-3(More)
Tankyrases are recently discovered proteins implicated in many important functions in the cell including telomere homeostasis and mitosis. Tankyrase modulates the activity of target proteins through poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation, and here we report the structure of the catalytic poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) domain of human tankyrase 1. This is the first(More)
PURPOSE This study was conducted to determine whether differences in power at the single muscle fiber level contribute to sex differences in whole muscle power production in the elderly. METHODS A total of 16 sedentary older persons (10 women, 6 men), mean age 72 yr, had percutaneous needle biopsy of musculus vastus lateralis. Chemically skinned single(More)
Guanine monophosphate (GMP) synthetase is a bifunctional two-domain enzyme. The N-terminal glutaminase domain generates ammonia from glutamine and the C-terminal synthetase domain aminates xanthine monophosphate (XMP) to form GMP. Mammalian GMP synthetases (GMPSs) contain a 130-residue-long insert in the synthetase domain in comparison to bacterial(More)
Human hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) (EC catalyzes the conversion of hypoxanthine and guanine to their respective nucleoside monophosphates. Human HPRT deficiency as a result of genetic mutations is linked to both Lesch-Nyhan disease and gout. In the present study, we have characterized phosphoribosyltransferase domain(More)
AIM To quantify the impact of decreased margins for two treatment techniques, three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) and volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT), on local control in curative treatment of prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS The planning target volume (PTV) margins were decreased in steps of 1 mm from 10 to 1 mm. Treatment(More)
Sweet potato feathery mottle virus (SPFMV, genus Potyvirus, family Potyviridae), Sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus (SPCSV, genus Crinivirus, family Closteroviridae) and sweet potato virus G (SPVG) were detected in naturally infected sweet potato plants grown in the Delta region in Egypt. Before this study, SPVG was reported only from China. Two isolates of(More)