Andreas K. Gombert

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Strains belonging to the yeast species Kluyveromyces marxianus have been isolated from a great variety of habitats, which results in a high metabolic diversity and a substantial degree of intraspecific polymorphism. As a consequence, several different biotechnological applications have been investigated with this yeast: production of enzymes(More)
The network structure and the metabolic fluxes in central carbon metabolism were characterized in aerobically grown cells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The cells were grown under both high and low glucose concentrations, i.e., either in a chemostat at steady state with a specific growth rate of 0.1 h(-1) or in a batch culture with a specific growth rate of(More)
The production of fuel ethanol from sugarcane-based raw materials in Brazil is a successful example of a large-scale bioprocess that delivers an advanced biofuel at competitive prices and low environmental impact. Two to three fed-batch fermentations per day, with acid treatment of the yeast cream between consecutive cycles, during 6–8 months of(More)
Mathematical models of the cellular metabolism have a special interest within biotechnology. Many different kinds of commercially important products are derived from the cell factory, and metabolic engineering can be applied to improve existing production processes, as well as to make new processes available. Both stoichiometric and kinetic models have been(More)
The aim of this work was to investigate the physiology of Kluyveromyces marxianus CBS 6556 in terms of its low tendency to form ethanol under exposure to sugar excess, and the split of carbon flux which takes place at the level of glucose-6-phosphate. Measurements were performed in batch cultivations, and after a glucose or a lactose pulse applied to(More)
In the present work, a thermophilic esterase from Thermus thermophilus HB27 was cloned into Kluyveromyces marxianus and into Kluyveromyces lactis using two different expression systems, yielding four recombinant strains. K. lactis showed the highest esterase expression levels (294 units per gram dry cell weight, with 65% of cell-bound enzyme) using an(More)
Calorie restriction is a dietary regimen capable of extending life span in a variety of multicellular organisms. A yeast model of calorie restriction has been developed in which limiting the concentration of glucose in the growth media of Saccharomyces cerevisiae leads to enhanced replicative and chronological longevity. Since S. cerevisiae are(More)
Activation of the cephalosporin side-chain precursor to the corresponding CoA-thioester is an essential step for its incorporation into the beta-lactam backbone. To identify an acyl-CoA ligase involved in activation of adipate, we searched in the genome database of Penicillium chrysogenum for putative structural genes encoding acyl-CoA ligases.(More)
The use of lactose as inducer of foreign gene expression under control of the lac UV5 promoter was investigated in recombinant Escherichia coli. Chicken muscle troponin C (TnC) gene was transcripted by T7 RNA polymerase and expressed in bioreactor cultivations after a feed-forward controlled fed-batch growth phase. Cell concentrations of 22 g l-1 dry cell(More)
Penicillium chrysogenum was successfully engineered to produce a novel carbamoylated cephalosporin that can be used as a synthon for semi-synthetic cephalosporins. To this end, genes for Acremonium chrysogenum expandase/hydroxylase and Streptomyces clavuligerus carbamoyltransferase were expressed in a penicillinG high-producing strain of P.chrysogenum.(More)