Andreas K. Freund

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In the period of the late-1980s, before the construction of multi-GeV third-generation storage rings with their intense insertion-device sources, the perceived number one problem for X-ray instrumentation was proper cooling of the first optical element in the beamline. This article, first given as an acceptance speech for the Compton Award ceremony at the(More)
The x-ray diffraction properties of highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) were studied for x-ray energies ranging from 4 to 60 keV. In particular, the secondary extinction thickness was determined by recording the peak and integrated reflectivity as a function of depth below the surface. The results showed that for the high quality material investigated(More)
We have performed X-ray specular re ectivity and scattering measurements of thermally slumped glass substrates on X-ray di ractometers utilizing a rotating anode X-ray source (8.048 keV) at the Danish Space Research Institute (DSRI) and synchrotron radiation (18 & 28 keV) at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF) optics Bending Magnet (BM05)(More)
This paper presents a parameter study and design optimization of a flexural hinge-based bender by use of finite-element modelling and analytical formulation. The relationship between the mirror shape and the driving forces, the so-called bender driving equation, is established. Various parameters are investigated: the material properties, the geometrical(More)
The possibility of concentrating a synchrotron X-ray beam using diffraction by a single crystal with a properly designed transverse groove on its surface, suggested earlier, has been studied experimentally. Here, the first experimental demonstration of this effect is reported, performed on beamline BM5 at the ESRF. The experimental result confirms the(More)
We present recent test results and discuss design challenges on x-ray optical components for the wiggler sources at CHESS and for the proposed energy recovery linac (ERL) source at Cornell. For the existing wiggler sources, a new white-beam collimating mirror has been installed and tested at F-line and some preliminary test results are presented. For the(More)
A very simple method of sagittal focusing of X-ray synchrotron radiation is presented. A special ray-tracing program which utilizes the diffraction-refraction effect is developed. It is demonstrated both by ray-tracing simulations and by an experiment whereby a reasonably good sagittal concentration of 8 keV synchrotron radiation may be achieved by(More)
The fabrication and testing of planar refractive hard X-ray lenses made from bulk CVD diamond substrates is reported. The lens structures were generated by electron-beam lithography and transferred by reactive-ion etching into the diamond. Various lens designs were fabricated and tested at 12.4 and 17.5 keV photon energy. Efficiencies of up to 71% and gains(More)
The sagittal deviation of a Laue-diffracted X-ray beam caused by the inclination of an exit crystal surface with respect to an entrance crystal surface has been studied both theoretically and experimentally. The use of this effect for sagittal focusing of X-ray synchrotron radiation diffracted by a Laue crystal is suggested. The focusing is based on the(More)
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