Andreas Jerlich

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A wealth of evidence now indicates that low-density lipoprotein (LDL) must be modified to promote atherosclerosis, and that this may involve oxidants released by phagocytes. Many studies of oxidative damage in atherosclerosis previously have concentrated on damage by nonhalogenated oxidants, but HOCl is a highly toxic oxidant produced by myeloperoxidase in(More)
Myeloperoxidase (MPO), an abundant enzyme in phagocytes, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of various inflammatory diseases including atherosclerosis. The major oxidant produced by MPO, hypochlorous acid (HOCl), is able to modify a great variety of biomolecules by chlorination and/or oxidation. In this paper the reactions of lipids (preferentially(More)
The aim of this study was to further clarify which part of human low density lipoprotein (LDL) is attacked by the MPO/H2O2/Cl- -system and which reactive oxygen species is responsible for the attack. Therefore the influence of this system on the modification of the lipid and protein moiety of LDL was studied in vitro. Using the monochlorodimedone assay it(More)
Measurement of lipid peroxidation is a commonly used method of detecting oxidative damage to biological tissues, but the most frequently used methods, including MS, measure breakdown products and are therefore indirect. We have coupled reversed-phase HPLC with positive-ionization electrospray MS (LC-MS) to provide a method for separating and detecting(More)
In this study, the production of the highly toxic oxidant hypochlorous acid (HOCl) by the phagocytic enzyme myeloperoxidase (MPO) was quantitated and the concomitant alterations of low density lipoprotein (LDL) were analyzed in view of the potential role of LDL in atherosclerosis. Using the monochlorodimedone assay, it was found that HOCl is produced in(More)
Phagocytic cells produce a variety of oxidants as part of the immune defence, which react readily both with proteins and lipids, and could contribute to the oxidation of low density lipoprotein in atherosclerosis. We have investigated the oxidation of phospholipid vesicles by neutrophils and mononuclear cells, to provide a model of lipid oxidation in the(More)
Myeloperoxidase is an enzyme in phagocytes which catalyzes several redox reactions. A major product is hypochlorous acid which appears to be important in inflammatory processes such as atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the kinetics of low-density lipoprotein modification by the myeloperoxidase/hydrogen peroxide/chloride(More)
The aim of this investigation was to compare an improved fluorometric method with an UV absorbance assay for their ability to monitor low density lipoprotein (LDL) modification by myeloperoxidase (MPO) and to evaluate determining factors influencing the modification of LDL. Using absorbance at 234 nm to study the kinetics of LDL aggregation, and a native(More)
The relative susceptibility of the apoprotein components of human lipoproteins [high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL)] and their subclasses to oxidation by the myeloperoxidase/H2O2/Cl- system in vitro was studied by measuring the decrease in rate of tryptophan fluorescence. Whereas the lipoprotein-modification rate showed a(More)
The phagocyte-derived enzyme myeloperoxidase has been recently implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, because it catalyzes the reaction of hydrogen peroxide with chloride ions to give the highly toxic oxidant hypochlorous acid. The aim of this study was to determine the dependence of this reaction on the concentration of hydrogen peroxide and of(More)
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