Andreas J. Deussen

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The plasma level of NO(x), i.e., the sum of NO(2)- and NO(3)-, is frequently used to assess NO bioavailability in vivo. However, little is known about the kinetics of NO conversion to these metabolites under physiological conditions. Moreover, plasma nitrite recently has been proposed to represent a delivery source for intravascular NO. We therefore sought(More)
To determine half-life and turnover of plasma adenosine, heparinized blood from healthy volunteers was incubated with radiolabeled adenosine in the physiological concentration range of 0.1-1 microM. Plasma levels of adenosine in vitro were 82 +/- 14 nM and were similar to those determined immediately after blood collection with a "stopping solution."(More)
The spatial heterogeneity of myocardial perfusion and metabolism was studied in 11 anaesthetized dogs under resting conditions. In each heart local myocardial blood flow was assessed using the tracer microsphere technique in 256 samples (mean mass: 83.1 mg) taken from the left anterior ventricular wall. In the same samples, the following biochemical(More)
UNLABELLED We showed that human osteoprogenitor cells produced adenosine and expressed ecto-5'-nucleotidase and all four adenosine receptor subtypes. Adenosine stimulated IL-6 but inhibited osteoprotegerin secretion, suggesting that adenosine is a newly described regulator of progenitor cell function. INTRODUCTION Maintaining skeletal homeostasis relies(More)
Application of compression stockings to the lower extremities is a widely used therapeutic intervention to improve venous return, but there is little information about the effects of compression on local arterial perfusion. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that a positive external pressure increases forearm perfusion. The relation of increasing external(More)
BACKGROUND Inhibitors of adenosine membrane transport cause vasodilation and enhance the plasma adenosine concentration. However, it is unclear why the plasma adenosine concentration rises rather than falls when membrane transport is inhibited. We tested the hypothesis that the cytosolic adenosine concentration exceeds the interstitial concentration under(More)
Coronary blood flow is tightly adjusted to the oxygen requirements of the myocardium. The underlying control mechanisms keep coronary venous pO(2) at a rather constant level around 20mm Hg under a variety of physiological conditions. Because coronary flow may increase more than 5-fold during exercise without any signs of under- or overperfusion, coronary(More)
Thirteen years after its discovery, there is still controversy over the chemical identity of endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF). Although pharmacological and chemical evidence indicates that EDRF is nitric oxide, other candidates, including S-nitrosocysteine, dinitrosyl-iron-cysteine complex, nitroxyl and hydroxylamine, have been proposed to account(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE Endothelium derived nitric oxide (NO) is an important modulator of resting vascular tone. The aim of the study was to investigate the extent by which the rate of NO release is modulated by the two determinants of vascular conductance: pressure and flow. DESIGN AND EXPERIMENTAL MATERIAL: Porcine macrovascular endothelial cells cultured on(More)