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Extreme droughts, heat waves, frosts, precipitation, wind storms and other climate extremes may impact the structure, composition and functioning of terrestrial ecosystems, and thus carbon cycling and its feedbacks to the climate system. Yet, the interconnected avenues through which climate extremes drive ecological and physiological processes and alter the(More)
of a mixed forest stand: fi eld measurements and simulation using SVAT models. Transpiration of a mixed spruce-aspen-birch forest at the Valday Hills in Russia was determined using sap fl ow measurements and two different SVAT (Soil–Vegeta-tion–Atmosphere-Transfer) models. The more sophisticated Mixed Forest multi-layer SVAT model (MF-SVAT) considers water(More)
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