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Stroke and head trauma are worldwide public health problems and leading causes of death and disability in humans, yet, no adequate neuroprotective treatment is available for therapy. Glutamate antagonists are considered major drug candidates for neuroprotection in stroke and trauma. However, N-methyl-D-aspartate antagonists failed clinical trials because of(More)
A persistent challenge in ecology is to explain the high diversity of tree species in tropical forests. Although the role of species characteristics in maintaining tree diversity in tropical forests has been the subject of theory and debate for decades, spatial patterns in local diversity have not been analyzed from the viewpoint of individual species. To(More)
Seed dispersal should leave a signature on the spatial distribution of recruits that can be quantified using sophisticated techniques of spatial pattern analysis. Here we study spatial patterns of five frugivore-dispersed tropical tree species at the Barro Colorado Island forest, Panama, to describe detailed properties of the spatial patterns of recruits(More)
Two readily synthesized anthranilamide, VEGF receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors have been prepared and evaluated as angiogenesis inhibitors. 2-[(4-Pyridyl)methyl]amino-N-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]benzamide (5) and N-3-isoquinolinyl-2-[(4-pyridinylmethyl)amino]benzamide (7) potently and selectively inhibit recombinant VEGFR-2 and VEGFR-3 kinases. As a(More)
Tropical forests play an important role in the global carbon cycle, as they store a large amount of carbon (C). Tropical forest deforestation has been identified as a major source of CO2 emissions, though biomass loss due to fragmentation--the creation of additional forest edges--has been largely overlooked as an additional CO2 source. Here, through the(More)
Assessing the relative importance of different processes that determine the spatial distribution of species and the dynamics in highly diverse plant communities remains a challenging question in ecology. Previous modelling approaches often focused on single aggregated forest diversity patterns that convey limited information on the underlying dynamic(More)
Forest growth models are useful tools for investigating the long-term impacts of logging. In this paper, the results of the rain forest growth model FORMIND were assessed by a multicriteria decision analysis. The main processes covered by FORMIND include tree growth, mortality, regeneration and competition. Tree growth is calculated based on a carbon(More)
Statistical models are the traditional choice to test scientific theories when observations, processes or boundary conditions are subject to stochasticity. Many important systems in ecology and biology, however, are difficult to capture with statistical models. Stochastic simulation models offer an alternative, but they were hitherto associated with a major(More)
In acute stroke, the therapeutic time window is a critical factor which may have contributed to the failure of several phase III clinical trials with so-called neuroprotective agents. Since cerebral glutamate levels are elevated for many hours in progressing stroke, we investigated the novel AMPA glutamate receptor antagonist ZK 187638 in rodent models of(More)