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Stroke and head trauma are worldwide public health problems and leading causes of death and disability in humans, yet, no adequate neuroprotective treatment is available for therapy. Glutamate antagonists are considered major drug candidates for neuroprotection in stroke and trauma. However, N-methyl-D-aspartate antagonists failed clinical trials because of(More)
A persistent challenge in ecology is to explain the high diversity of tree species in tropical forests. Although the role of species characteristics in maintaining tree diversity in tropical forests has been the subject of theory and debate for decades, spatial patterns in local diversity have not been analyzed from the viewpoint of individual species. To(More)
Two readily synthesized anthranilamide, VEGF receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors have been prepared and evaluated as angiogenesis inhibitors. 2-[(4-Pyridyl)methyl]amino-N-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]benzamide (5) and N-3-isoquinolinyl-2-[(4-pyridinylmethyl)amino]benzamide (7) potently and selectively inhibit recombinant VEGFR-2 and VEGFR-3 kinases. As a(More)
Forest growth models are useful tools for investigating the long-term impacts of logging. In this paper, the results of the rain forest growth model FORMIND were assessed by a multicriteria decision analysis. The main processes covered by FORMIND include tree growth, mortality, regeneration and competition. Tree growth is calculated based on a carbon(More)
Statistical models are the traditional choice to test scientific theories when observations, processes or boundary conditions are subject to stochasticity. Many important systems in ecology and biology, however, are difficult to capture with statistical models. Stochastic simulation models offer an alternative, but they were hitherto associated with a major(More)
In acute stroke, the therapeutic time window is a critical factor which may have contributed to the failure of several phase III clinical trials with so-called neuroprotective agents. Since cerebral glutamate levels are elevated for many hours in progressing stroke, we investigated the novel AMPA glutamate receptor antagonist ZK 187638 in rodent models of(More)
The assertion that the spatial location of different species is independent of each other is fundamental in major ecological theories such as neutral theory that describes a stochastic geometry of biodiversity. However, this assertion has rarely been tested. Here we use techniques of spatial point pattern analysis to conduct a comprehensive test of the(More)
Seed dispersal should leave a signature on the spatial distribution of recruits that can be quantified using sophisticated techniques of spatial pattern analysis. Here we study spatial patterns of five frugivore-dispersed tropical tree species at the Barro Colorado Island forest, Panama, to describe detailed properties of the spatial patterns of recruits(More)
Ecologists and economists both use models to help develop strategies for biodiversity management. The practical use of disciplinary models, however can be limited because ecological models tend not to address the socioeconomic dimension of biodiversity management, whereas economic models tend to neglect the ecological dimension. Given these shortcomings of(More)