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Ubiquitous calpains (mu- and m-calpain) have been repeatedly implicated in apoptosis, but the underlying mechanism(s) remain(s) to be elucidated. We examined ionomycin-induced cell death in LCLC 103H cells, derived from a human large cell lung carcinoma. We detected hallmarks of apoptosis such as membrane blebbing, nuclear condensation, DNA ladder(More)
Prolyl endopeptidase (PEP) is a proline-specific oligopeptidase with a reported effect on learning and memory in different rat model systems. Using the astroglioma cell line U343, PEP expression was reduced by an antisense technique. Measuring different second-messenger concentrations revealed an inverse correlation between inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate(More)
Endoglin is a membrane-inserted protein that is preferentially synthesized in angiogenic vascular endothelial and smooth muscle cells. Endoglin associates with members of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) receptor family and has been identified as the gene involved in hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia. Although endoglin is known to affect(More)
Ubiquitously expressed calpains are Ca(2+)-dependent, intracellular cysteine proteases comprising a large catalytic subunit (domains DI-DIV) and a noncovalently bound small regulatory subunit (domains DV and DVI). It is unclear whether Ca(2+)-induced calpain activation is followed by subunit dissociation or not. Here, we have applied advanced fluorescence(More)
Deleted in malignant brain tumours 1 (DMBT1) codes for a approximately 340kDa glycoprotein with highly repetitive scavenger receptor cysteine-rich (SRCR) domains. DMBT1 was implicated in cancer, defence against viral and bacterial infections, and differentiation of epithelial cells. Recombinant expression and purification of DMBT1 is an essential step for(More)
An extracellular Ca(2+)-sensing mechanism consisting of a G protein-coupled receptor linked to phosphoinositide turnover and inhibition of PTH secretion, has recently been identified in bovine parathyroid cells. In C cells, voltage-dependent L-type calcium channels are thought to be involved in calcium-sensing mechanisms, but evidence exists for additional(More)
Cytosolic phospholipase A(2) (cPLA(2)) is an enzyme involved in the formation of proinflammatory mediators by catalyzing the release of arachidonic acid, thereby mediating eicosanoid biosynthesis. Using HaCaT keratinocytes as a model system, we present experimental evidence that in these cells, cPLA(2) is constitutively phosphorylated and that the degree of(More)
Video-microscopy in combination with digital image processing was used to analyze dynamic processes associated to the life cycle of Giardia lamblia trophozoites. These parasites swim and attach to the epithelial cells, producing the disease known as Giardiasis. Giardia is a multiflagellar cell, presenting 4 pairs of flagella. With the use of analogue and(More)
The cellular processes that lead to changes in shape (morphogenesis) and organ formation (organogenesis) are poorly understood. Local contraction of microfilaments can change cell shape and lead to changes of tissue shape. To clarify the role of contractile microfilaments in the foregut morphogenesis of chick embryos, 2- to 4-day-old embryos were exposed to(More)