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The Myc oncoprotein forms a binary activating complex with its partner protein, Max, and a ternary repressive complex that, in addition to Max, contains the zinc finger protein Miz1. Here we show that the E3 ubiquitin ligase HectH9 ubiquitinates Myc in vivo and in vitro, forming a lysine 63-linked polyubiquitin chain. Miz1 inhibits this ubiquitination.(More)
Ubiquitin-specific peptidase 42 (USP42) is a deubiquitylating enzyme that can target p53 and contribute to the stabilization of p53 in response to stress. We now show that USP42 can also regulate transcription independently of p53. USP42 co-localized with RNA polymerase II (RNA Pol II) in nuclear foci, bound to histone H2B, and deubiquitylated H2B.(More)
BACKGROUND It has been shown that the combination of electroencephalogram (EEG) and auditory evoked potentials (AEP) allows a good separation of consciousness from unconsciousness. In the present study, we sought a combined EEG/AEP indicator that allows both separation of consciousness from unconsciousness and discrimination among different levels of(More)
EEG parameters for assessment of depth of anaesthesia are typically based on different signal processing methods, such as spectral and complexity analysis. In the present study, the parameters investigated (WSMF, qWSMF, approximate entropy and Lempel-Ziv complexity) do not correlate monotonically to depth of anaesthesia. To obtain this correlation,(More)
During macroautophagy, conjugation of ATG12 to ATG5 is essential for LC3 lipidation and autophagosome formation. Additionally, ATG12 has ATG5-independent functions in diverse processes including mitochondrial fusion and mitochondrial-dependent apoptosis. In this study, we investigated the regulation of free ATG12. In stark contrast to the stable ATG12-ATG5(More)
L-Glutamine (Gln) functions physiologically to balance the carbon and nitrogen requirements of tissues. It has been proposed that in cancer cells undergoing aerobic glycolysis, accelerated anabolism is sustained by Gln-derived carbons, which replenish the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle (anaplerosis). However, it is shown here that in glioblastoma (GBM)(More)
TIGAR (TP53-induced glycolysis and apoptosis regulator) functions as a fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase and its expression results in a dampening of the glycolytic pathway, while increasing antioxidant capacity by increasing NADPH and GSH levels. In addition to being a p53 target, p53-independent expression of TIGAR is also seen in many human cancer cell lines(More)
¹H MRS allows insight into the chemical composition of the central nervous system. However, as a result of technical challenges, it has rarely been applied to the spinal cord. In particular, the strong susceptibility changes around the spinal cord and the pulsatile flow of the cerebrospinal fluid lead to distinct B₀ field distortions which often(More)
Social ties are crucial for physical and mental health. However, psychiatric patients frequently encounter social rejection. Moreover, an increased reactivity to social exclusion influences the development, progression, and treatment of various psychiatric disorders. Nevertheless, the neuromodulatory substrates of rejection experiences are largely unknown.(More)