Andreas Herrmann

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BCL-2 homology 3 (BH3)-only proteins of the BCL-2 family such as tBID and BIM(EL) assist BAX-type proteins to breach the permeability barrier of the outer mitochondrial membrane, thereby allowing cytoplasmic release of cytochrome c and other active inducers of cell death normally confined to the mitochondrial inter-membrane space. However, the exact(More)
NF-kappaB (RelA) is constitutively active in many cancers, where it upregulates antiapoptotic and other oncogenic genes. While proinflammatory stimulus-induced NF-kappaB activation involves IKK-dependent nuclear translocation, mechanisms for maintaining constitutive NF-kappaB activity in tumors have not been elucidated. We show here that maintenance of(More)
The Janus kinases (JAKs) and signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) proteins, particularly STAT3, are among the most promising new targets for cancer therapy. In addition to interleukin-6 (IL-6) and its family members, multiple pathways, including G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and microRNAs were recently(More)
Persistent activation of Stat3 is oncogenic and is prevalent in a wide variety of human cancers. Chronic cytokine stimulation is associated with Stat3 activation in some tumors, implicating cytokine receptor-associated Jak family kinases. Using Jak2 inhibitors, we demonstrate a central role of Jaks in modulating basal and cytokine-induced Stat3 activation(More)
PERIOD (PER) proteins are central components within the mammalian circadian oscillator, and are believed to form a negative feedback complex that inhibits their own transcription at a particular circadian phase. Phosphorylation of PER proteins regulates their stability as well as their subcellular localization. In a systematic screen, we have identified 21(More)
Astrocytes play a key role in the pathogenesis of ammonia-induced neurotoxicity and hepatic encephalopathy. As shown here, ammonia induces protein tyrosine nitration in cultured rat astrocytes, which is sensitive to the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist MK-801. A similar pattern of nitrated proteins is produced by NMDA. Ammonia-induced(More)
The underlying molecular mechanisms that cause immune cells, mediators of our defense system, to promote tumor invasion and angiogenesis remain incompletely understood. Constitutively activated Stat3 in tumor cells has been shown to promote tumor invasion and angiogenesis. Therefore, we sought to determine whether Stat3 activation in tumor-associated(More)
Arginine-rich peptides are a subclass of cell-penetrating peptides that are taken up by living cells and can be detected freely diffusing inside the cytoplasm and nucleoplasm. This phenomenon has been attributed to either an endocytic mode of uptake and a subsequent release from vesicles or to direct membrane penetration (transduction). To distinguish(More)
A ternary lipid mixture of palmitoyl-oleoyl-phosphatidylcholine (POPC), palmitoyl-erythro-sphingosylphosphorylcholine (PSM), and cholesterol at a mixing ratio of 37.5:37.5:25 mol/mol/mol was characterized using fluorescence microscopy, (2)H NMR, and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy. The synthetic PSM provides an excellent molecule for studying(More)
The mechanisms underlying hypermethylation of tumor-suppressor gene promoters in cancer is not well understood. Here, we report that lysine acetylation of the oncogenic transcription factor STAT3 is elevated in tumors. We also show that genetically altering STAT3 at Lys685 reduces tumor growth, which is accompanied by demethylation and reactivation of(More)